1. Based on what you have learned in this chapter, what common experiences would you say diverse racial-ethnic groups have had during their incorporation into the United States? Do you see similar patterns as you examine contemporary immigration and race relations?

2. This chapter opened by identifying three themes that organize the racial-ethnic history of the United States: property, labor, and social control. Using your own racial-ethnic group as an example, how do you see thses factors reflected in your group's history?