1) The ancestors of Australian Aborigines must have reached Australia directly from:
- asoutheast Asia.
- bsouthern Africa.
- cSouth America.
2) The term "indigenous people" is a:
- apejorative reference to ethno-linguistically distinctive original inhabitants.
- bpejorative reference to oppressed, politically and economically distinctive original inhabitants.
- cnon-pejorative reference to politically oppressed, politically and economically distinctive original inhabitants.
- dnon-pejorative reference to all cultural "others."
3) The age grade system operating in Australian society:
- ais identical to a government bureaucracy but more democratic.
- bcreates social classes based on the Dreamtime that permanently exclude certain people from access to any basic resources.
- cexcludes women but treats all males equally.
- dis nurturing and guiding, while moving everyone up as they mature.
4) Aboriginal totemic estate groups:
- aregulate marriage and rights to spiritual property and natural resources.
- bfunction to maintain a remarkably rigid class structure of "haves" and "have nots."
- cregulate succession to political office in an otherwise egalitarian society.
- dare primarily concerned with an "ancestor cult" centered on a "high god" and a hereditary priesthood.
- aan unmarried couple living together.
- bmarriage with someone outside of a specified group.
- cmarriage within the section or clan.
- dmarriage within the band.
6) The Dreaming is:
- aan etic anthropological term for the trance state universally experienced by shamans.
- ban emic Aboriginal term for the emotional state associated with warfare.
- can etic anthropological term for "rites of passage."
- da multi-dimensional Aboriginal concept with cosmological implications.
7) Worldwide, the average number of people in foraging bands varies around:
8) Moiety system:
- ais a single culture-wide social category.
- bdivides a society into two categories.
- cdivides a society into four categories.
- ddivides a society into an unspecified number of parts.
9) An appropriate mate in Aboriginal society would be:
- aa member of one's own clan and section.
- boutside one's own clan but inside one's own section.
- cinside one's own clan, outside one's own section.
- doutside one's own clan, and outside one's own section.
10) Polygyny in Amazonia and Aboriginal society is functionally related to:
- aold men marrying old widows.
- byoung men marrying their "sisters."
- cyoung men marrying old widows.
- dinfant betrothal for young boys.
11) In Australia the concept of an "original affluent society" is:
- arefuted by the extremely low population densities in the desert interior.
- bsupported by the relatively high amount of leisure time enjoyed by both men and women, even in the desert interior.
- crefuted by the virtual absence of food storage demonstrating that people live perpetually at the very edge of starvation.
- dsupported by the evidence showing aboriginals in balance with nature.