1. Describe the physical features of the East African environment that make pastoralism an attractive form of subsistence.


2. Explain the strategies that cattle peoples use to maximize their return from cattle and minimize the risk of material shortages in an unpredictable environment.


3. Define “cattle complex” and explain the central importance of cattle in the material, social, and ideological aspects of African pastoral life.


4. Describe how cattle peoples structure their intergroup relations in the absence of centralized political authority.


5. Evaluate the status of women in herding societies in comparison with that of men, judging the extent of gender equality or inequality.


6. Explain how men use cattle to extend their personal imperia beyond their immediate kin in ways that prevent the creation of permanent concentrations of social power and hierarchy.


7. Compare the ideological systems and cosmologies of African herders, Australian foragers, and Amazonian villagers.


8. Describe how the Maasai age class system organizes the life cycle and explain how it contributes to social stability.