1. What does it mean to say, “crime is a social construction”?
2. What is the difference between “crime” and “deviance”? What does it mean to say, “crime is a legal construction”?
3. Explain the distinction between the concept of a “folkway,” “more” and a “law.” What is the distinguishing feature of a “law”?
4. What is the role of the “moral entrepreneur” in the deviance process? Who was the “moral entrepreneur” in the Salem witch trials? What is the meaning of the concept of a “moral panic”?
5. What is the concept of “natural law”? How does this concept differ from the sociological view that morality is a social construction?
6. Explain the difference between a “consensus” theory of law and a “conflict” theory of law? Discuss the Salem witch trials from each of these theoretical perspectives.
7. Identify forms of social control, other than the law, which operate in society today. Explain the distinction between crime control and social control.
8. What are the greatest threats to individual freedom from the perspective of the crime control model? What are the greatest threats to individual freedom from the perspective of the due process model?
9. Explain the difference between the substantive criminal law and the procedural criminal law.
10. What is the “adversarial” system of justice and how does it differ from an inquisitorial system of justice?