• Describe the basic structure of the courts and explain the key differences between the lower courts, trial courts, and appellate courts.

• Express the difference between the state and federal court systems.

• Explain how jurisdiction is defined for the various courts.

• Explain why it is important to have a record of court proceedings and explain the right of appeal.

• Describe the composition of the U.S. Supreme Court.

• Present the process by which cases get to the Supreme Court.

• Describe the unique function of the U.S. Supreme Court and describe how these proceedings are different from trial court and state appellate court proceedings.