• Identify the historical origins of probation and parole.

• Describe the functions of probation and parole today.

• Identify the three periods of community corrections; identify goals and philosophy of each period and identify specific programs developed within each period.

• Define the concept of “net-widening” and show how it undermines goals of community corrections.

• Describe restorative and community justice and explain how they offer an alternative to traditional community corrections.