1. What is the dark figure of crime? Describe the three key methods used by criminologists to gain a reasonable estimate of this figure? Give examples of each method.

2. Describe the limitations of each of the three key methods of measurement.

3. Describe the methods to measure white collar crime. Why is white collar crime relatively invisible in our society?

4. What is a “victimless” crime? What are the rationales for prohibiting consensual activities such as prostitution, gambling, pornography, or drug use?

5. Describe the key difference between the crime picture in the United States and the crime picture in other major European and North American industrial democratic nations. How does the “crime clock” distort our understanding of crime?

6. What is the dramatic fallacy of violent crime? In what sense may corporate crime be “violent crime”?

7. What is “state” crime? What is “political” crime? How do they differ from other kinds of crime?

8. What is the process of reification? How does this process occur in the construction of the portrait of the “typical criminal” in American society?

9. Describe the image of crime depicted within our news and entertainment media. How does this reflect the statistics collected through the measures described above?

10. What is a “racial hoax” and how are these false claims supported by the media portrayal of crime in our society?