• Describe the sense in which the criminal justice system is “offense-focused” and “offender-driven.”

• Explain the process of “victim-blaming” and the process of “secondary victimization.”

• Identify key victim rights that are currently guaranteed in most state and federal jurisdictions.

• Be able to identify the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder.

• Define restorative justice and explain the difference between retributive and restorative justice.