• Articulate the difference between the concepts of “authority” and power and describe their relevance for the use of force by police in our society.

• Describe the structure of U.S. law enforcement.

• Explain private security and how it differs from public security.

• Understand the application of the Fourth and Fifth Amendments to police work.

• Identify the forms of proof associated with stop and frisk; arrest; and searches.

• Explain the exclusionary rule and describe its intended purpose in our justice system.

• Understand the Miranda rights and explain why these rights are an important protection of the Fifth Amendment.