1) All of the following weaken the president’s ability to implement policies with political appointees EXCEPT
- asome disagree with the president.
- bthe diffusion of policy over many officials.
- cpresidents frequently fire and replace such officials.
- dmany are more motivated by career advancement than policy goals.
2) President Carter’s order to discourage housing in areas in danger of flooding was
- anot acted upon due to bureaucratic indolence.
- breversed by President Reagan.
- cnot enforced due to disagreement with the order’s substance.
- dnever received by the appropriate agencies.
3) The press and the public are more concerned with the solid implementation of policy than mere enactment.
4) Political appointments in the bureaucracy usually
- awork beneath career civil servants.
- bserve for life.
- crely most heavily on other political appointments.
- ddevelop trust for career appointees.
5) Congress attempted to limit the discretion of the executive branch in enforcement in which of the following cases?
- aTitle IX of the Education Act
- bAmericans with Disabilities Act
- cVoting Rights Act
- dBrown v. Board of Education
6) Aides to the president cannot deliberately ignore presidential directives.
7) Which of the following agencies has trouble recruiting skilled employees because of higher salaries in the private sector?
- bDepartment of Homeland Security
- cMineral Management Service
8) Congress prefers to develop the specifics of policy than leave them up to executive implementation.
9) White House aides and Executive Office of the President appointments are categorized as
- bcareer civil servants.
- cnoncareer senior executives.
- dexecutive schedule appointments.
10) Standard operating procedures (SOPs)
- anormally prolong the time bureaucrats require to handle cases.
- bresult in less uniformity of bureaucratic behavior.
- care often poorly adapted to new situations.
- dare automatically set aside for countervailing presidential orders.