1) Most contemporary presidents continue to call special sessions in Congress as permitted by the Constitution.
2) Regularly recommending a president’s legislative proposals to Congress
- ahas been common since the beginning.
- bhas been packaged in State of the Union addresses by recent presidents.
- cis usually ignored altogether by Congress.
- dhas usually been viewed as a violation of separation of powers.
3) Changes in Congress since the 1960s
- aclosed committee hearings to the public.
- bhave reduced turnover in congressional personnel.
- cfacilitate access from interest groups.
- ddisperse power through Congress more widely.
4) The text argues that which of the following elections were mandates?
- aLyndon Johnson in 1964
- bRichard Nixon in 1972
- cRonald Reagan in 1984
- dAll of the above
5) The State of the Union has to be spoken in person before Congress.
6) Presidents are best advised to
- aspread legislative priorities across their whole term.
- bwait until they have more experience to pass important policies.
- cpass priorities quickly.
- drespond to events in real time rather than set priorities.
7) Quantitative analysis on the passage of legislation shows that once one controls for a president’s public approval and congressional majority
- aDemocratic presidents are more effective than Republicans.
- bRepublican presidents are more effective than Democrats.
- cpresidents with congressional experience are more effective.
- dpresidents with the same political context perform the same.
8) Presidents are more likely to worry about short-term benefits to voters than members of Congress.
9) Centralization of Congress
- adecreased steadily over the twentieth century.
- boccurred in the 1970s.
- cincreased in the 1990s.
- dhas remained unchanged since World War II.
10) Congressional party leaders are in weak positions to move members in the president’s direction.