1) All of the following are true of executive agreements EXCEPT
- athey have the same legal power as a treaty.
- bthey supersede treaties passed by Congress.
- cthey are passed without Congress.
- dthey governed commitments to Iraq and Afghanistan.
2) President Obama’s policies on the Paris Climate Treaty and Iranian nuclear stockpile were
- bjustified as expansions of existing policies.
- cexecutive orders.
- drepealed by Congress.
3) Few treaties have been rejected by the Senate.
4) Partisan polarization
- ahas led presidents to pursue executive agreements.
- bhas led to more rejections of treaties.
- chas little impact on treaties.
- dhas subsided since the Iraq War.
5) All of the following are true of treaties EXCEPT
- apresidents often withdraw treaties that the Senate is unlikely to pass.
- bthe Senate cannot amend a treaty already negotiated.
- cpresidents often include members of Congress to negotiate with other countries.
- dCongress can refuse to vote on treaties.
6) A 2008 congressional panel suggested that the National Security Council has been successful at providing the president with well-grounded and coordinated advice.
7) The president can choose not to recognize governments that achieved power during revolutions.
8) In U.S. v. Curtiss Wright, the Supreme Court ruled that the president is the sole organ of the federal government in foreign affairs.
9) Which of the following intentions of the founders was seldom followed after a bad experience during the Washington administration?
- aFree correspondence between citizens and foreign governments
- bPresidents negotiating treaties
- cPresidential declarations of war
- dPresidents receiving advice from the Senate during treaties
10) Which countries have presidents cut ties with? Mark the false choice.
- aFranklin Roosevelt cut ties to the Soviet Union.
- bEisenhower cut ties to Cuba.
- cJimmy Carter cut ties to Iran.
- dObama cut ties to Libya.