1) Presidents are incentivized to act unilaterally primarily by
- ahigh public expectations.
- bconstitutional mandates.
- cdemands from Congress.
- dthe expectations of other nations.
2) The most basic and uncontroversial role of a “chief executive” is to
- asuggest new public policies.
- bwrite new laws with advisors.
- clead public opinion.
- dcarry out laws passed by others.
3) Many presidents have claimed the right not to enforce unconstitutional legislation.
4) Scholars most often mark the beginning of the modern presidency with
- aAbraham Lincoln.
- bFranklin Roosevelt.
- cHarry Truman.
- dRonald Reagan.
5) Deciding who will be investigated and tried for breaking the law is called
- aexecutive privilege.
- dprosecutorial discretion.
6) President Andrew Jackson created a new precedent for presidential policy making by
- aannouncing his intention to veto a bill during congressional deliberation.
- bvetoing a bill he considered unwise.
- cvetoing a bill he considered unconstitutional.
- dbeing the first president to have a veto overridden.
7) At the Constitutional Convention, founders had the most difficulty agreeing on the powers of which branch of government?
- bThe presidency
- cThe Supreme Court
- dThe bureaucracy
8) The Executive Office of the President differs from other executive officials in
- abeing directly responsible to the president.
- bproviding timely advice and information.
- cthe sheer size of the staff.
- dinclusion in cabinet meetings.
9) If Congress does not object to a presidential power, courts usually uphold future uses of that power as part of a president’s set of powers.
10) The example of colonial governors made many founders wary of assigning too much executive power to the president.