1) Early presidents enjoyed a considerable amount of deference from the press not extended to later presidents.
2) All of the following increased public consumption of political news after the Civil War EXCEPT
- agrowing literacy.
- bthe increasing role of the federal government.
- cthe electric printing press.
- dthe rise of the partisan press.
3) The press can mostly easily change
- athe attitude of voters toward politics.
- bthe positions of viewers on controversial issues.
- cthe issues by which the public judges the president.
- dpreexisting narratives about presidents.
4) The press has the greatest impact on perceptions of a president
- aduring campaigns.
- bin between campaigns.
- cduring economic booms.
- dduring war.
5) Which of the following is true of press conferences?
- aJournalists applauded the transition from private to public press conferences.
- bPresidents have spoken more freely of their plans over time.
- cPresidents have discretion over which reporters they respond to.
- dTelevision stations consistently air them.
6) As a general rule, reporters have been careful about protecting the names of sources in order to maintain access to sources.
7) Presidents often give interviews with reporters with “strings attached.”
8) All of the following are true of press coverage of presidential trips EXCEPT
- athe press is likely to relate trips to the president’s domestic problems.
- bexperts in foreign affairs are now included in foreign trips.
- cthere are more sources of information on foreign trips than domestic trips.
- dthe press is largely dependent on White House staff.
9) Journalists often feel a duty to
- acheck factual claims against as many sources as possible.
- bprovide a “just the facts” account of events.
- cfollow interview subjects’ interpretation of events.
- dsituate facts into a meaningful context.
10) Which of the following presidents complained about ideological bias from the press?
- aRonald Reagan
- bBill Clinton
- cGeorge W. Bush
- dNone of the above