1) Multiple advocacy runs the challenge of
- aentrenching hierarchies.
- bproducing groupthink.
- creducing access to the president.
- dincreasing staff conflict.
2) The chapter mentions all of the following as examples of presidents who dismissed or refused to meet with dissenting advisors EXCEPT
- aFranklin Roosevelt.
- bLyndon Johnson.
- cRichard Nixon.
- dBarack Obama.
3) To maintain autonomous policy jurisdictions, federal departments tend to do all of the following EXCEPT
- aoppose each other’s projects.
- bfight to maintain or increase their budget.
- cwithhold information from related departments.
- dresist change.
4) Presidents rely on a single department as the sole source of information on some issues.
5) Which of the following techniques is most commonly used to undermine a presidential aide or advisor?
- aPublic attacks
- bCriminal investigations
- cLeaks to the press
- dFace-to-face confrontations
6) Motivated reasoning produces a conscious tendency for people to see what they want to see.
7) Trump consulted military leaders before issuing a prohibition on transgendered people serving in the military.
8) Which of the following is an example of wishful thinking?
- aRearranging facts to fit a world view
- bPutting off confrontations
- cThe domino theory
- dAttacking the motives of one’s critics
9) During the Korean War, each of Harry Truman’s advisors
- aurged him to unite all of Korea behind a sympathetic government.
- bexpected another advisor to discourage him from firing MacArthur.
- chad been following Korean events before World War II.
- drecommended firing MacArthur.
10) The chapter explains that because of parochialism, presidential appointments are likely to adapt the norms of the bureaucratic unit around them.