• Understand how crime is officially and unofficially recorded.

• Identify key problems with official reporting.

• Identify general patterns of offending and victimization for boys.

• Discuss why theory is important in explaining and preventing crime.

• Broadly identify the differences between person-centered, society-centered, and critical theories.

• Articulate how integrated theories build on person-centered and society-centered theories.

• Discuss three prominent person-centered theories.

• Discuss three prominent society-centered theories.