• Discuss the various roles of police officers.

• Explain procedural justice and its importance to the justice process.

• Identify the main factors in police discretion.

• Identify important civil rights for youth.

• Understand the juvenile justice system case flow.

• Describe the key policing practices of stop, question, and frisk; crackdowns; hot spots; and zero tolerance, and their influences on police–youth relations.

• Discuss the dynamics of police–youth interaction by ethnicity and gender.