1) The origins of the Iranian Revolution can be traced to
- athe transfer of control of resources from the state to the clergy.
- bthe doubling in size of the middle class.
- cthe Muslim clergy’s resistance to the government-sponsored secular modernization imposed by the royal family.
- dthe narrowed gap between the rich and poor.
- ethe desire for more foreign investment and trade.
2) Which of the following is the world’s second largest religion?
3) In the United States, the separation of church and state
- ais less than in Norway and Sweden.
- bdiscourages interactions between them.
- cwas an impediment to the furthering of civil rights.
- ddoes not preclude political influence by both left- and right-leaning church leaders.
- eis based on European norms.
4) Since the early 1980s the Catholic Church has become less involved in Latin American politics because of
- athe rise in popularity of liberation theology.
- ban increase in activism among individual priests and nuns.
- claymen increasingly taking over the political functions formerly handled by priests.
- dfewer human rights violations in the region.
- ean influx of younger, less conservative clergy.
5) The unexpected surge in fundamentalism in South Asia and Arab states has in part been driven by
- aradicals with lower income and education levels.
- ban emotional void not filled by the material rewards of modern life.
- ca desire for more modern living conditions.
- d“holy warriors” who readily associate with their native cultures.
- ea lack of access to Western ideas.
6) It is difficult to generalize about the compatibility between different religions and democracy because
- afewer people in democracies consider themselves religious than in other regimes.
- bBuddhism and Confucianism neither spur nor delay democratic change.
- cmost Third World scholars hold the same religious beliefs.
- dseparation of church and state must be absolute.
- ereligions change over time.
7) Which of the following is true of the religions of developing nations?
- aBuddhism, Catholicism, Islam, and Hinduism are dominant.
- bProtestantism is not found in developing nations.
- cThe majority of Islamic followers are Shi'ites.
- dLatin American Catholic leaders have always resisted fascist movements.
- eIn Africa, traditional local religions hold a large influence over policy.
8) The most rapidly growing religious movement in Latin America today is
- aEvangelical Christianity.
- ctraditional paganism.
9) The evaluations of religiously based political participation are influenced by
- ahow rapidly that country’s economy is growing.
- bthe level of orthodox beliefs in the upper classes.
- cperceptions of peacefulness within differing religious factions.
- dwhether multiple religious groups are politically incompatible.
- ewhether participation advances the beliefs of the observer.
10) The actions of many Islamist and militant groups such as Al Qaeda
- aare motivated more by opposition to Western ideas than by restoring fundamental religious concepts.
- bare seen as justified by most moderate Muslims.
- care fueled by older male believers seeking adventure.
- ddemonstrate a highly centralized structure.
- eare primarily carried out by immigrants to Western countries.