1) The origins of the Iranian Revolution can be traced to
- athe transfer of control of resources from the state to the clergy.
- bthe doubling in size of the middle class.
- cthe Muslim clergy’s resistance to the government-sponsored secular modernization imposed by the royal family.
- dthe narrowed gap between the rich and poor.
- ethe desire for more foreign investment and trade.
2) The actions of many Islamist and militant groups such as Al Qaeda
- aare motivated more by opposition to Western ideas than by restoring fundamental religious concepts.
- bare seen as justified by most moderate Muslims.
- care fueled by older male believers seeking adventure.
- ddemonstrate a highly centralized structure.
- eare primarily carried out by immigrants to Western countries.
3) In the United States, the separation of church and state
- ais less than in Norway and Sweden.
- bdiscourages interactions between them.
- cwas an impediment to the furthering of civil rights.
- ddoes not preclude political influence by both left- and right-leaning church leaders.
- eis based on European norms.
4) The evaluations of religiously based political participation are influenced by
- ahow rapidly that country’s economy is growing.
- bthe level of orthodox beliefs in the upper classes.
- cperceptions of peacefulness within differing religious factions.
- dwhether multiple religious groups are politically incompatible.
- ewhether participation advances the beliefs of the observer.
5) Which of the following is the world’s second largest religion?
6) It is difficult to generalize about the compatibility between different religions and democracy because
- afewer people in democracies consider themselves religious than in other regimes.
- bBuddhism and Confucianism neither spur nor delay democratic change.
- cmost Third World scholars hold the same religious beliefs.
- dseparation of church and state must be absolute.
- ereligions change over time.
7) The most rapidly growing religious movement in Latin America today is
- aEvangelical Christianity.
- ctraditional paganism.
8) Since the early 1980s the Catholic Church has become less involved in Latin American politics because of
- athe rise in popularity of liberation theology.
- ban increase in activism among individual priests and nuns.
- claymen increasingly taking over the political functions formerly handled by priests.
- dfewer human rights violations in the region.
- ean influx of younger, less conservative clergy.
9) The unexpected surge in fundamentalism in South Asia and Arab states has in part been driven by
- aradicals with lower income and education levels.
- ban emotional void not filled by the material rewards of modern life.
- ca desire for more modern living conditions.
- d“holy warriors” who readily associate with their native cultures.
- ea lack of access to Western ideas.
10) Which of the following is true of the religions of developing nations?
- aBuddhism, Catholicism, Islam, and Hinduism are dominant.
- bProtestantism is not found in developing nations.
- cThe majority of Islamic followers are Shi'ites.
- dLatin American Catholic leaders have always resisted fascist movements.
- eIn Africa, traditional local religions hold a large influence over policy.