1) Which region has the highest women’s literacy rate?
- aSouth Asia
- bCentral and East Asia
- cSub-Saharan Africa
- dthe Arab states
- eLatin America and the Caribbean
2) From 1995 to 2015, the number of women in parliament worldwide
- aremained unchanged.
- bbecame nearly equal in developed and developing nations.
- cnearly doubled.
- dbecame smaller.
- ewas unaffected by democratic reforms.
3) In the short run only, modernization and the spread of world capitalism
- acause dramatic gains in a country’s Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) rank.
- bcause more women to migrate to rural areas.
- cexpand union membership opportunities for women.
- dare seen as unnecessary in more egalitarian societies.
- ehave frequently widened the gender gap.
4) Before the end of World War II, how many of the twenty Latin American countries allowed women to vote?
5) With zipper-style quotas, each political party
- aagrees to not run a candidate in every other election.
- bruns only women candidates in specific elections.
- cnominates candidates who have no chance of election, by tacit agreement with other parties.
- dmust meet its quota of female candidates and also alternate male and female candidates.
- egerrymanders districts to ensure the election of women candidates.
6) The feminist movement has spread from the world’s economically advanced democracies into the developing world
- aonly when religious and cultural restrictions have been abolished.
- bprimarily through military interventions.
- cin South and East Asia.
- dthrough a return to rural lifestyles, which require shared work.
- ethrough media coverage and the demonstration effect.
7) The Gender Inequality Index (GII) is an index comparing men and women on
- apolitical and economic empowerment, participation in the work force, and measures of health.
- bpercentage of seats in the legislative body.
- cliteracy rates, access to information, and travel opportunities.
- dability to influence the media and national policies.
- econcentration of wealth in a nation.
8) Which of the following statements is correct?
- a“Partly free” democracies fare just as well in Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) scores as liberal democracies.
- bWomen’s groups have had no effect on regime change in developing nations.
- cDemocracies generally promote gender equality more effectively than authoritarian regimes.
- dEastern Europe’s transition from Communism to democracy increased the number of women elected to parliament.
- eGrassroots and NGO groups have had little influence on gender equality.
9) The fact that a region’s culture sets baseline boundaries for most women is most evident in
- afundamentalist Islamist countries.
- bLatin American countries.
- cSouth Asian countries.
- dformer colonies of developed nations.
- enations with large urban centers.
10) In many quota systems, women must constitute at least 30 percent of their party’s list of parliamentary candidates. The number reflects
- athe percentage of women in most European countries’ legislatures.
- bthe critical mass of female MPs needed to produce women-friendly legislation.
- cthe maximum number of women that many governments are willing to have in the legislature.
- dan arbitrary number that the United Nations adopted as a standard.
- ethe percentage of women in an average developing country.