1) The Turkish military revolt of 1919 and Egypt’s military reform in 1950 have been cited as examples of
- athe potential of professional soldiers to modernize states.
- bdisorder and conflict in the Third World.
- crepression of civilian political institutions by political militaries.
- dpolitical officers, once in power, defending the status quo.
- elargely disorganized transitional military actions.
2) The military’s role in the recent uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia is distinguished from those in Libya and Syria by
- ahaving better trained elite officers.
- bhaving more legitimacy and popular support.
- cexperiencing fewer troop defections to insurgency.
- dhaving greater willingness to defend the authoritarian regime.
- ehaving more ethnic minorities in the military.
3) A military regime is most likely to restore the government to civilian hands when
- ait is overthrown by domestic protests.
- bforeign forces intervene in military rule.
- ceconomic development has improved.
- dbureaucracy has stimulated military cohesion.
- eits own legitimacy has declined.
4) How are revolutionary military regimes distinct from the other forms of military regimes?
- aMass political participation is tightly controlled.
- bThe military focuses on modernization and industrial growth.
- cMultinational corporations and civil society are closely linked to the regime.
- dMilitary officers seize power for their own benefit.
- ePolitical influence is extended to groups that were formerly excluded.
5) The overall tendency of military rule is
- ato impede the formation of stable, legitimate political institutions.
- bto make economic decisions consistent with the national interest.
- cto redistribute government spending to the public sector.
- dto enable cooperation between labor unions and multinational corporations.
- eto minimize corruption, as the price of seizing power.
6) Institutional military regimes are defined by
- asupport for the aspirations of the lower class.
- bLeaders’ covert ambition, greed, and vanity.
- cauthority vested in the hands of a single leader.
- drelatively sophisticated, bureaucratic governing.
- ethe inclusion of like-minded civilian technocrats.
7) Compared to countries with democratic governments, military regimes
- arely less on foreign economic sources, such as banks.
- bspend a similar proportion of the GDP on defense.
- cexperience similar economic growth rates.
- dare affected less severely by inflation and debt.
- epossess greater military cohesion, however corrupt they are.
8) In order for a country to have a stable, secure democracy, it must also have a military that
- aexercises some degree of political influence.
- bcommits to stay out of national politics.
- cremains outside of civilian control.
- dsupports the efforts of aspiring political leaders.
- emakes compromise a priority over hierarchy and order.
9) Which of the following would increase the likelihood of a successful military coup?
- aThe civilian government is perceived as corrupt and unstable.
- bThe civilian regime is supported by a broadly based political party.
- cSocioeconomic development is relatively advanced.
- dOfficers have highly developed military skills.
- eExternal forces present a larger threat than internal factors.
10) Which of the following statements is true with respect to modern and industrialized developing nations?
- aMilitary officers regard economic elites as impeding development.
- bElites obstruct the middle class’s rise to economic prominence.
- cThe middle class and military perceive the lower class as a greater political threat.
- dThe military see the lower class as a potential ally against the traditional oligarchy.
- eMilitary officers share the political goals of the middle class.