1) In order for a country to have a stable, secure democracy, it must also have a military that
- aexercises some degree of political influence.
- bcommits to stay out of national politics.
- cremains outside of civilian control.
- dsupports the efforts of aspiring political leaders.
- emakes compromise a priority over hierarchy and order.
2) Institutional military regimes are defined by
- asupport for the aspirations of the lower class.
- bLeaders’ covert ambition, greed, and vanity.
- cauthority vested in the hands of a single leader.
- drelatively sophisticated, bureaucratic governing.
- ethe inclusion of like-minded civilian technocrats.
3) The overall tendency of military rule is
- ato impede the formation of stable, legitimate political institutions.
- bto make economic decisions consistent with the national interest.
- cto redistribute government spending to the public sector.
- dto enable cooperation between labor unions and multinational corporations.
- eto minimize corruption, as the price of seizing power.
4) Compared to countries with democratic governments, military regimes
- arely less on foreign economic sources, such as banks.
- bspend a similar proportion of the GDP on defense.
- cexperience similar economic growth rates.
- dare affected less severely by inflation and debt.
- epossess greater military cohesion, however corrupt they are.
5) A military regime is most likely to restore the government to civilian hands when
- ait is overthrown by domestic protests.
- bforeign forces intervene in military rule.
- ceconomic development has improved.
- dbureaucracy has stimulated military cohesion.
- eits own legitimacy has declined.
6) Which of the following statements is true with respect to modern and industrialized developing nations?
- aMilitary officers regard economic elites as impeding development.
- bElites obstruct the middle class’s rise to economic prominence.
- cThe middle class and military perceive the lower class as a greater political threat.
- dThe military see the lower class as a potential ally against the traditional oligarchy.
- eMilitary officers share the political goals of the middle class.
7) The military’s role in the recent uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia is distinguished from those in Libya and Syria by
- ahaving better trained elite officers.
- bhaving more legitimacy and popular support.
- cexperiencing fewer troop defections to insurgency.
- dhaving greater willingness to defend the authoritarian regime.
- ehaving more ethnic minorities in the military.
8) How are revolutionary military regimes distinct from the other forms of military regimes?
- aMass political participation is tightly controlled.
- bThe military focuses on modernization and industrial growth.
- cMultinational corporations and civil society are closely linked to the regime.
- dMilitary officers seize power for their own benefit.
- ePolitical influence is extended to groups that were formerly excluded.
9) Which of the following would increase the likelihood of a successful military coup?
- aThe civilian government is perceived as corrupt and unstable.
- bThe civilian regime is supported by a broadly based political party.
- cSocioeconomic development is relatively advanced.
- dOfficers have highly developed military skills.
- eExternal forces present a larger threat than internal factors.
10) The Turkish military revolt of 1919 and Egypt’s military reform in 1950 have been cited as examples of
- athe potential of professional soldiers to modernize states.
- bdisorder and conflict in the Third World.
- crepression of civilian political institutions by political militaries.
- dpolitical officers, once in power, defending the status quo.
- elargely disorganized transitional military actions.