1) Modernization theory asserts that most underdeveloped nations should
- arely on trading natural resources for finished goods from First World nations.
- bincrease GDP through investment in state-controlled industries.
- cview development as an unstoppable force that happens naturally.
- dadopt the same economic and political systems as neighboring nations.
- efollow political and economic paths similar to those of Western countries.
2) Increasing life expectancy and literacy rates are valuable indicators of development because they are
- anot always correlated average income of nations.
- bdirectly correlated with democratic governments.
- cfound only in developing nations.
- dindicative of higher rates of employment.
- edirectly correlated with population growth.
3) Defining underdevelopment in strictly economic terms can be difficult because
- atribal cultures place little importance on personal wealth.
- bthe gap between rich and poor is always greater in developing nations.
- cnations that do not engage in trade can be self-sufficient.
- dall Asian nations are experiencing economic growth, though not all are considered developed.
- eper capita income is not an accurate reflection of an average citizen’s quality of life.
4) Since 1990, many developing nations
- ahave had falling per capita incomes.
- bhave all experienced recessions.
- chave seen considerable social and economic development.
- dhave seen similar levels of growth across regions.
- ehave grown at a rate similar to their populations.
5) Which development theory rejects the argument that developing countries can follow the same path to development as Western countries?
- aconflict theory
- breconciliation theory
- cdependency theory
- dmodernization theory
- eregime theory
6) Countries that rely on exports of agricultural products, minerals, and oil
- ahave equitable distributions of income.
- btend to fare poorly on measures of economic and social development.
- care likely to become democracies over time.
- dare lacking in technological innovations.
- eall have similar political systems.
7) Developing countries with a better chance of becoming democratic and maintaining democracy have
- aestablished trade agreements with Western nations.
- bgone through an initial stage of failed democracy.
- cfully exploited their natural resources.
- dreached a minimal threshold of socioeconomic development.
- eestablished natural trade partners along shared borders.
8) According to the World Bank, by 2015 the number of living in extreme poverty fell by
- amore than three quarters.
- bmore than a half.
- cmore than a quarter.
- dmore than a tenth.
- emore than a fifth.
9) Some stable democracies and relatively wealthy nations are still considered to be part of the Developing World because
- atheir economic and political systems still lack other important aspects of development.
- bthey lack military power.
- ctheir demographics closely match those of neighboring developing countries.
- dthey have an unstable national currency.
- ethey engage in excessive redistribution of income through government programs.
10) Dependency theorists and advocates of modernization theory differ on their views of improvements in Third World nations. Which of the following statements is true?
- aModernization theorists considered transformation of traditional culture an important step to modernize.
- bModernization theorists do not view an increase in urban areas as a positive measure.
- cDependency theorists view increased exports as a positive measure.
- dModernization theorists can explain the economic boom in all developing countries.
- eModernization theorists are unconcerned with politics.