1) Institutional military regimes are defined by
- arelatively sophisticated, bureaucratic governing.
- bsupport for the aspirations of the lower class.
- cleaders’ covert ambition, greed, and vanity.
- dauthority vested in the hands of a single leader.
- ethe inclusion of like-minded civilian technocrats.
2) Which of the following statements is true with respect to modern and industrialized developing nations?
- aThe middle class and military perceive the lower class as a greater political threat.
- bMilitary officers regard economic elites as impeding development.
- cElites obstruct the middle class’s rise to economic prominence.
- dThe military see the lower class as a potential ally against the traditional oligarchy.
- eMilitary officers share the political goals of the middle class.
3) A military regime is most likely to be abandoned and restored to civilian hands when
- ait is overthrown by domestic protests.
- bits own legitimacy has declined.
- cforeign forces intervene in military rule.
- deconomic development has improved.
- ebureaucracy has stimulated military cohesion.
4) Compared to countries with democratic governments, military regimes
- arely less on foreign economic sources, such as banks.
- bspend a similar proportion of the GDP on defense.
- cexperience similar economic growth rates.
- dare affected less severely by inflation and debt.
- epossess greater military cohesion, however corrupt they are.
5) The Turkish military revolt of 1919 and Egypt’s military reform in 1950 have been cited as examples of
- adisorder and conflict in the Third World.
- brepression of civilian political institutions by political militaries.
- cpolitical officers, once in power, defending the status quo.
- dthe potential of professional soldiers to modernize states.
- elargely disorganized transitional military actions.
6) Which of the following would increase the likelihood of a successful military coup?
- aThe civilian regime is supported by a broadly based political party.
- bSocioeconomic development is relatively advanced.
- cOfficers have highly developed military skills.
- dThe civilian government is perceived as corrupt and unstable.
- eExternal forces present a larger threat than internal factors.
7) The military’s role in the recent uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia is distinguished from those in Libya and Syria by
- ahaving better trained elite officers.
- bexperiencing fewer troop defections to insurgency.
- chaving greater willingness to defend the authoritarian regime.
- dhaving more legitimacy and siding with the protestors by not using force against them.
- ehaving more ethnic minorities in the military.
8) The overall tendency of military rule is
- ato make economic decisions consistent with the national interest.
- bredistribute government spending to the public sector.
- cto impede the formation of stable, legitimate political institutions.
- dto enable cooperation between labor unions and multinational corporations.
- eto minimize corruption, as the price of seizing power.
9) In order for a country to have a stable, secure democracy, it must also have a military that
- aexercises some degree of political influence.
- bremains outside of civilian control.
- csupports the efforts of aspiring political leaders.
- dmakes compromise a priority over hierarchy and order.
- ecommits to stay out of national politics.
10) How are revolutionary military regimes distinct from the other forms of military regimes?
- aMass political participation is tightly controlled.
- bThe military focuses on modernization and industrial growth.
- cMultinational corporations and civil society are closely linked to the regime.
- dMilitary officers seize power for their own benefit.
- ePolitical influence is extended to groups that were formerly excluded.