1) In order for a country to have a stable, secure democracy, it must also have a military that
- aexercises some degree of political influence.
- bremains outside of civilian control.
- csupports the efforts of aspiring political leaders.
- dmakes compromise a priority over hierarchy and order.
- ecommits to stay out of national politics.
2) How are revolutionary military regimes distinct from the other forms of military regimes?
- aMass political participation is tightly controlled.
- bThe military focuses on modernization and industrial growth.
- cMultinational corporations and civil society are closely linked to the regime.
- dMilitary officers seize power for their own benefit.
- ePolitical influence is extended to groups that were formerly excluded.
3) The military’s role in the recent uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia is distinguished from those in Libya and Syria by
- ahaving better trained elite officers.
- bexperiencing fewer troop defections to insurgency.
- chaving greater willingness to defend the authoritarian regime.
- dhaving more legitimacy and siding with the protestors by not using force against them.
- ehaving more ethnic minorities in the military.
4) A military regime is most likely to be abandoned and restored to civilian hands when
- ait is overthrown by domestic protests.
- bits own legitimacy has declined.
- cforeign forces intervene in military rule.
- deconomic development has improved.
- ebureaucracy has stimulated military cohesion.
5) Which of the following would increase the likelihood of a successful military coup?
- aThe civilian regime is supported by a broadly based political party.
- bSocioeconomic development is relatively advanced.
- cOfficers have highly developed military skills.
- dThe civilian government is perceived as corrupt and unstable.
- eExternal forces present a larger threat than internal factors.
6) The overall tendency of military rule is
- ato make economic decisions consistent with the national interest.
- bredistribute government spending to the public sector.
- cto impede the formation of stable, legitimate political institutions.
- dto enable cooperation between labor unions and multinational corporations.
- eto minimize corruption, as the price of seizing power.
7) Institutional military regimes are defined by
- arelatively sophisticated, bureaucratic governing.
- bsupport for the aspirations of the lower class.
- cleaders’ covert ambition, greed, and vanity.
- dauthority vested in the hands of a single leader.
- ethe inclusion of like-minded civilian technocrats.
8) Compared to countries with democratic governments, military regimes
- arely less on foreign economic sources, such as banks.
- bspend a similar proportion of the GDP on defense.
- cexperience similar economic growth rates.
- dare affected less severely by inflation and debt.
- epossess greater military cohesion, however corrupt they are.
9) Which of the following statements is true with respect to modern and industrialized developing nations?
- aThe middle class and military perceive the lower class as a greater political threat.
- bMilitary officers regard economic elites as impeding development.
- cElites obstruct the middle class’s rise to economic prominence.
- dThe military see the lower class as a potential ally against the traditional oligarchy.
- eMilitary officers share the political goals of the middle class.
10) The Turkish military revolt of 1919 and Egypt’s military reform in 1950 have been cited as examples of
- adisorder and conflict in the Third World.
- brepression of civilian political institutions by political militaries.
- cpolitical officers, once in power, defending the status quo.
- dthe potential of professional soldiers to modernize states.
- elargely disorganized transitional military actions.