1) The unexpected surge in fundamentalism in South Asia and Arab states has in part been driven by
- aradicals with lower income and education levels.
- ba desire for more modern living conditions.
- c“holy warriors” who readily associate with their native cultures.
- da lack of access to Western ideas.
- ean emotional void not filled by the material rewards of modern life.
2) Which of the following statements is NOT true of Christianity?
- aHalf of all Christians are Catholics.
- bThe prevalence of Catholicism in Latin America is a reminder of the role of colonialism in spreading this religious denomination.
- cChristians around the world are expected to increase by 10 percent between 2015 and 2030.
- dBy 2060, two-thirds of Christians will live in Africa or Latin America.
- eChristianity is expected to decline over 10 percent between 2015 and 2030.
3) Since the early 1980s the Catholic Church has become less involved in Latin American politics because of
- athe rise in popularity of liberation theology.
- ban increase in activism among individual priests and nuns.
- claymen increasingly taking over the political functions formerly handled by priests.
- dan influx of younger, less conservative clergy.
- efewer human rights violations in the region.
4) The origins of the Iranian Revolution can be traced to
- athe Muslim clergy’s resistance to the government-sponsored secular modernization imposed by the royal family.
- bthe transfer of control of resources from the state to the clergy.
- cthe doubling in size of the middle class.
- dthe narrowed gap between the rich and poor.
- ethe desire for more foreign investment and trade.
5) The actions of many Islamist militant groups such as Al Qaeda and Daesh
- aare seen as justified by most moderate Muslims.
- bare fueled by older male believers seeking adventure.
- cdemonstrate a highly centralized structure.
- dare not representative of most Islamists who are moderate and condemn violence.
- eare primarily carried out by immigrants to Western countries.
6) It is difficult to generalize about the compatibility between different religions and democracy because
- afewer people in democracies consider themselves religious than in other regimes.
- bBuddhism and Confucianism neither spur nor delay democratic change.
- creligions change over time.
- dmost Third World scholars hold the same religious beliefs.
- eseparation of church and state must be absolute.
7) In the United States, the separation of church and state
- adoes not preclude political influence by both left- and right-leaning church leaders.
- bis less than in Norway and Sweden.
- cdiscourages interactions between them.
- dwas an impediment to the furthering of civil rights.
- eis based on European norms.
8) Which of the following is true of the religions of developing nations?
- aProtestantism is not found in developing nations.
- bBuddhism, Catholicism, Islam, and Hinduism are dominant.
- cThe majority of Islamic followers are Shi'ites.
- dLatin American Catholic leaders have always resisted fascist movements.
- eIn Africa, traditional local religions hold a large influence over policy.
9) Which of the following is the world’s second largest religion?
10) The most rapidly growing religious movement in Latin America today is
- bEvangelical Christianity.
- ctraditional paganism.