1) The origins of the Iranian Revolution can be traced to
- athe Muslim clergy’s resistance to the government-sponsored secular modernization imposed by the royal family.
- bthe transfer of control of resources from the state to the clergy.
- cthe doubling in size of the middle class.
- dthe narrowed gap between the rich and poor.
- ethe desire for more foreign investment and trade.
2) Since the early 1980s the Catholic Church has become less involved in Latin American politics because of
- athe rise in popularity of liberation theology.
- ban increase in activism among individual priests and nuns.
- claymen increasingly taking over the political functions formerly handled by priests.
- dan influx of younger, less conservative clergy.
- efewer human rights violations in the region.
3) Which of the following statements is NOT true of Christianity?
- aHalf of all Christians are Catholics.
- bThe prevalence of Catholicism in Latin America is a reminder of the role of colonialism in spreading this religious denomination.
- cChristians around the world are expected to increase by 10 percent between 2015 and 2030.
- dBy 2060, two-thirds of Christians will live in Africa or Latin America.
- eChristianity is expected to decline over 10 percent between 2015 and 2030.
4) Which of the following is true of the religions of developing nations?
- aProtestantism is not found in developing nations.
- bBuddhism, Catholicism, Islam, and Hinduism are dominant.
- cThe majority of Islamic followers are Shi'ites.
- dLatin American Catholic leaders have always resisted fascist movements.
- eIn Africa, traditional local religions hold a large influence over policy.
5) In the United States, the separation of church and state
- adoes not preclude political influence by both left- and right-leaning church leaders.
- bis less than in Norway and Sweden.
- cdiscourages interactions between them.
- dwas an impediment to the furthering of civil rights.
- eis based on European norms.
6) The actions of many Islamist militant groups such as Al Qaeda and Daesh
- aare seen as justified by most moderate Muslims.
- bare fueled by older male believers seeking adventure.
- cdemonstrate a highly centralized structure.
- dare not representative of most Islamists who are moderate and condemn violence.
- eare primarily carried out by immigrants to Western countries.
7) Which of the following is the world’s second largest religion?
8) The most rapidly growing religious movement in Latin America today is
- bEvangelical Christianity.
- ctraditional paganism.
9) It is difficult to generalize about the compatibility between different religions and democracy because
- afewer people in democracies consider themselves religious than in other regimes.
- bBuddhism and Confucianism neither spur nor delay democratic change.
- creligions change over time.
- dmost Third World scholars hold the same religious beliefs.
- eseparation of church and state must be absolute.
10) The unexpected surge in fundamentalism in South Asia and Arab states has in part been driven by
- aradicals with lower income and education levels.
- ba desire for more modern living conditions.
- c“holy warriors” who readily associate with their native cultures.
- da lack of access to Western ideas.
- ean emotional void not filled by the material rewards of modern life.