1) Over a thirty-four-year period from 1956 to 1990, how many of the twenty-eight guerrilla movements in Latin America actually succeeded?
2) The age of revolutionary Marxist revolutions in the developing world is likely coming to an end because
- apoverty has led to a feeling of powerlessness.
- bthe deficiencies of Marxism-Leninism have been exposed.
- cthere has been a resurgence of colonialism in Asia.
- dreactions against the Arab Spring have been negative in Arab nations.
- ethere has been a general end to class conflict in most LDCs.
3) No Marxist revolution has taken place in a country
- ain Eastern Asia.
- bwith a powerful ruling class.
- csuffering from an economic recession or depression.
- din which capitalism was entrenched.
- eexperiencing rural guerilla conflict.
4) A major problem for those living under radical regimes is that they
- aoften prohibit opposition parties from participating in the political process.
- brarely last long enough to implement reforms.
- chold beliefs that stand in the way of economic growth.
- dtend to rig elections to stay in power.
- eare not interested in the population outside major cities.
5) Davies’ J-curve is a diagram showing
- athe difference in income levels between the top and bottom 10 percent.
- bthe percentage of military leaders sympathetic to radical revolutionary thought.
- cthe gap between people’s expectations and economic reality.
- dthe changes in land use from agriculture to housing over a period of time.
- ethe number of revolutions, whether failed or successful, in all LDCs.
6) In an elite revolution, military officers or upper-level bureaucrats
- aoverthrow a government and institute far-reaching changes.
- bsplit a country into two or more independent nation-states.
- cparticipate in a rebellion started by the lower classes.
- drelinquish government control entirely.
- eorganize a rebellion on the basis of Marxist ideas.
7) A revolution is an insurgency that
- aallies a developed nation with a developing one.
- balways involves an element of Marxism.
- cchanges political leadership regardless of any benefits to the lower socioeconomic classes.
- dalways reduces the dependence of the peasant class on government assistance.
- ebrings about comprehensive political and socioeconomic change.
8) Revolutionary movements that succeed require
- aa disaffection that reaches the poor, the middle classes, and the business community.
- bthe support of religious leaders.
- ca distrust of the government by the upper classes.
- dthe creation of strong revolutionary militias by the rich.
- ethe financial backing of the United Nations.
9) The rural poor will usually relate best to guerrilla organizers
- awho come from other countries.
- bwho had prior ties to the community but are now outsiders.
- cwho are intellectuals.
- dwho demonstrate an understanding of their problems.
- ewho have proven their military expertise.
10) Which peasants are most likely to join local revolts or broader revolutionary movements?
- athose who have been isolated from collapse of the financial system
- bformer members of the military forces
- cthose who securely own larger plots of land
- dfarmers who have modernized their production to gain access to new markets
- ethose most threatened by economic modernization of the countryside