1) One of the main criticisms of massive retaliation involved its lack of credibility.
2) The missile gap refers to:
- athe believed numerical advantage the Soviet Union had over the U.S. in missiles in the 1950s
- bthe numerical advantage the U.S. had over the Soviet Union in missiles in the 1950s
- cthe distance separating the size of the U.S. and Soviet/Russian missile arsenals from those of the smaller nuclear powers like China, India, and Pakistan
- dthe numerical gap between the total number of missiles in a country’s arsenal and those that are operational
3) A “firewall” refers to the divide between
- aconventional and nuclear conflicts
- barms control and disarmament
- ccollective security and unilateral security
- ddefense and deterrence
4) Which of the following is a true statement about the military scenarios envisioned by U.S. defense planners after the Cold War ended?
- aThe U.S. would act in a preemptive manner.
- bThe U.S. would employ nuclear weapons quickly.
- cThe U.S. would employ force in a reactive fashion.
- dThe U.S. would not become engaged in conflict as a result of domestic coups or disturbances.
5) The Baruch Plan:
- arejected most of the Acheson-Lilienthal Plan for nuclear sharing
- bsought to keep the U.S. nuclear monopoly through the Atoms for Peace program
- cwas rejected by the Soviet Union
- dwas rejected by France and Britain, who both wanted to become nuclear powers
6) One of the ways in which deterrence has failed is through a limited probe.
7) The first formal breakthrough arms control treaty between the U.S. and Soviet Union was the:
- aSORT Treaty
- bSTART Treaty
- cVladivostok Agreement
- dABM Treaty
8) Previous efforts at arms control identify all but which of the following as important factors in the success of any effort to create a Middle East Nuclear-Free Zone?
- acreate a coalition of the willing
- bnegotiate in small groups
- cfocus on a comprehensive solution
- demphasize technical issues
9) One of the major benefits of a National Missile Defense System is that it will protect the U.S. from attacks by rogue countries such as North Korea.
10) From the U.S. perspective, the goal of the Iranian nuclear agreement was to prevent a covert pathway to obtaining nuclear weapons.