1) One of the main criticisms of massive retaliation involved its lack of credibility.
2) One of the ways in which deterrence has failed is through a limited probe.
3) The Baruch Plan:
- arejected most of the Acheson-Lilienthal Plan for nuclear sharing
- bsought to keep the U.S. nuclear monopoly through the Atoms for Peace program
- cwas rejected by the Soviet Union
- dwas rejected by France and Britain, who both wanted to become nuclear powers
4) One of the major benefits of a National Missile Defense System is that it will protect the U.S. from attacks by rogue countries such as North Korea.
5) Which of the following is a true statement about the military scenarios envisioned by U.S. defense planners after the Cold War ended?
- aThe U.S. would act in a preemptive manner.
- bThe U.S. would employ nuclear weapons quickly.
- cThe U.S. would employ force in a reactive fashion.
- dThe U.S. would not become engaged in conflict as a result of domestic coups or disturbances.
6) Previous efforts at arms control identify all but which of the following as important factors in the success of any effort to create a Middle East Nuclear-Free Zone?
- acreate a coalition of the willing
- bnegotiate in small groups
- cfocus on a comprehensive solution
- demphasize technical issues
7) The missile gap refers to:
- athe believed numerical advantage the Soviet Union had over the U.S. in missiles in the 1950s
- bthe numerical advantage the U.S. had over the Soviet Union in missiles in the 1950s
- cthe distance separating the size of the U.S. and Soviet/Russian missile arsenals from those of the smaller nuclear powers like China, India, and Pakistan
- dthe numerical gap between the total number of missiles in a country’s arsenal and those that are operational
8) A “firewall” refers to the divide between
- aconventional and nuclear conflicts
- barms control and disarmament
- ccollective security and unilateral security
- ddefense and deterrence
9) From the U.S. perspective, the goal of the Iranian nuclear agreement was to prevent a covert pathway to obtaining nuclear weapons.
10) The first formal breakthrough arms control treaty between the U.S. and Soviet Union was the:
- aSORT Treaty
- bSTART Treaty
- cVladivostok Agreement
- dABM Treaty