1) “What motives have evolved to help the person adapt to the environment and reproduce?” This question would most likely arise from which perspective?
2) A person begins to attend parties, and finds that others respond positively to him, making him feel good. As a consequence, he attends more parties. This description explains how extraversion might emerge through
- aoperant conditioning.
- cclassical conditioning.
- dego functioning.
3) A micro-theory is ________ specific in comparison to a perspective.
- dsometimes more and sometimes less
4) One very important contribution of Maslow to the field of personality has been his emphasis on
- athe study of very healthy people.
- bthe tumultuous self.
- cquantitative investigation.
- dthe study of dominance.
5) Two examples of theories of personality given in the book are
- aself-monitoring studies and frustration-aggression.
- bbiological and social.
- csystems and theory-by-theory.
- devolutionary psychology and trait.
6) “What are a person's most important psychological motives?” This question might most likely arise from which perspective?
7) The brain influences personality through its
- asize, as in the case of intelligence.
- binfluence on the immune system.
- cneurochemistry, as in the case of neurotransmitters.
- dall of the above.
8) A ________ such as biopsychology or intrapsychic provides a general viewpoint as to important influences on personality.
- aset of experimental results
9) “Trait” theories in general hold that
- apeople have few characteristics that they share.
- ba person's behavior is in many ways consistent over time.
- cthe search for patterns in personality is misguided.
- ddifferent situations produce entirely different behaviors.
10) According to Erikson, trust is learned by the infant
- aand is associated with muscular maturation especially with holding and letting go.
- bin the second stage of his developmental cycle.
- cin Erikson's first stage, through testing and tasting, in a manner similar to Freud's idea of the oral stage.
- dand if trust is overlearned it may lead to depressive or schizophrenic withdrawal.
11) Which approach focuses on the idea that multiple theories are complementary of each other?
- athe systems approach
- bthe micro-theory approach
- cthe psychodynamic approach
- dthe humanistic approach
12) A central dimension of difference across cultures, studied today in cross-cultural psychology, is the difference along a continuum of
13) A psychologist who emphasized that people's behavior changes from situation to situation as they think about the social demands and opportunities involved was
- aLew Goldberg
- bB. F. Skinner
- cWalter Mischel
- dJack Block
14) In the cross-cultural view of personality
- acollectivism builds stronger personalities.
- bpersonality is less important than culture.
- cpersonality is fairly consistent across cultures.
- dan individual is a carrier of his or her own cultural knowledge, that knowledge influences personality.
15) Some examples of hormones that influence personality
- ainclude sex hormones such as estrogen and testosterone.
- binclude many digestive enzymes.
- cinclude the psychogenic hormones extravertagen and introvertarone.
- dcannot be provided because hormones do not influence personality.