1) Urges, instincts, and motives
- aall concern a person’s tendencies to act toward particular aims or goals in life.
- bcannot be measured.
- care very recent concepts (e.g., introduced in the last 20 years).
- dare unrelated concepts.
2) A given motive is often enhanced by an emotion or emotional profile. Which motivation-emotion pair goes together?
3) Mood scales were first developed by
- amood researchers to test the FACS approach.
- bCarl Jung to test his theory of archetypes.
- cpsychologists working for pharmaceutical companies, so as to test how psychiatric drugs altered mood.
- dintelligence researchers to assess anxiety in test-takers.
4) High affect intensity people
- areport more intense positive and negative emotions relative to others.
- bhave higher and more intense experiences of negative emotions than average.
- chave higher happiness than others, on average.
- dhave more emotions than motives.
5) According to the study done by Diener and Seligman, happy college students differ from depressed and normal college students in that
- athe happy students rarely thought about suicide.
- bthe happy students reported having more happy emotions than sad emotions almost every day.
- cthe happy students could recall more positive events.
- dall of the above
6) The Facial Affect Coding System (FACS)
- ais software that allows computers to express emotion.
- bwas developed by Ekman in order to create a standardized method to recognize the emotional language of the face.
- cwas a nonscientific idea developed at around the same time as phrenology—that the face could reveal crucial cues as to personality.
- dnone of the above.
7) Eysenck’s factors seem to describe dimensions of personality that are centrally
8) Different occupational and psychiatric groups illustrate different emotional patterns. For example, salespeople on average are
- aextraverted and neurotic.
- bintroverted and emotionally stable.
- cextraverted and average emotionally (neither stable nor unstable).
- dextraverted and emotionally stable.
9) In a study of people from different nations, happiness was found to be influenced by one of the following factors
- aextreme poverty.
- dnone of the above.
10) Emotions are sometimes said to ________ motivations.
- bamplify and/or diminish
11) Freud believed the primary motivations of people were
- ato approach life and avoid death.
- bsex and aggression.
- cachievement, power, and intimacy.
- dlove and esteem.
12) One of the dimensions measured by Eysenck’s personality inventory was
- bhigh-low intelligence.
13) The Thematic Apperception Test is a measure of motivation that consists of a series of pictures. People respond by
- asorting the pictures from those they like most to those they like least.
- banswering a series of four multiple-choice questions that follow each picture.
- cdescribing their positive feelings and emotions.
- dtelling a story with a beginning, middle, and an end.
14) Which of the following tests employs test items that involve direct questions that individuals must answer about themselves?
- aThematic Apperception Test
- bIQ test
- cMotivation Analysis Test
- dnone of the above
15) According to today’s evolutionary psychologists and biopsychologists, the ________ is a brain system that is associated with anxiety, sadness, and other negative emotions.
- abehavioral depression system (BDS)
- bbehavioral personality system (BPS)
- cbehavioral inhibition system (BIS)
- dbehavioral facilitation system (BFS)