1) A particular type of mental ability that involves the capacity to carry out abstract reasoning so as to find a correct solution to a problem involves
- cpragmatic knowledge.
- dnone of the above.
2) Below-average intellectual functioning tends to be
3) Roughly half of a person’s variation in intelligence is determined by
- bfamily size.
- cparenting skills.
- dgenetic factors.
4) Emotional, practical, and social intelligence are all part of the
- ahot mental abilities or hot intelligences, because they concern information that is personally relevant.
- bnew mental abilities or intelligences, because they all date from the 1990s forward.
- ccool mental abilities or cool intelligences, because other people respect them so much.
- dthey do not form a group.
5) A rate IQ is based on
- aa person’s mental age divided by their chronological age.
- ba person’s score on an intelligence test in relation to the scores of other people the same age.
- cthe standard deviation of average intelligence across different age groups.
- dthe rank order of a person’s score on an intelligence test among all people under 17 years of age.
6) Intelligence researchers regard ________ as the most central feature of high intelligence.
- aquick thinking
- bcommon sense
- cthe capacity to carry out abstract reasoning
- dbeing flexible
7) The ability to come up with many new and novel solutions to problems is called
- cpractical intelligence.
8) One of Binet’s most important contributions was to note that intelligence is a function of
- bsocial class.
- cfamily size.
- dskull size.
9) A way of thinking, which involves coming up with answers to questions that, although correct, are different from the common way of looking at matters, is called
- adivergent thinking.
- babstract thinking.
- cconcrete thinking.
- dconvergent thinking.
10) “The ability to understand and manage men and women, boys and girls—to act wisely in human relations” is a definition given by Thorndike to what type of intelligence?
- apractical intelligence
- bverbal intelligence
- csocial intelligence
- demotional intelligence
11) Individuals with high intelligence exhibit
- aa tendency to be more politically extreme than others.
- bhigher levels of muscular strength than others.
- chigh levels of sensory acuity.
- dvery rapid mental development.
12) Generally speaking, intelligent behavior increases over animal species. This increase in intelligence is most closely related to the
- asize of the brain relative to the body.
- bsize of the brain.
- csize of the body.
- dadaptive pressures placed on the organism.
13) The Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) or three-strata model views intelligence as taking place at three levels,
- agenetic, brain, and problem solving.
- bbrain, personal, and social.
- crock, paper, scissors.
- dspecific problems, broad intelligence, and general intelligence.
14) All, or almost all, known cognitive mental ability tasks can be characterized by
- aa positive correlation with level of consciousness.
- ba positive correlation with one another and with intelligence.
- crequiring advanced education.
- dlimitations in the absence of creativity.
15) The best general definition of a mental ability is
- athe capacity to come up with a conventional answer.
- bthe self-judgment of superiority.
- cthe capacity to carry out concrete thinking.
- dthe capacity to carry out a mental task.