1) Undocumented legal status of immigrants can affect the health status of individuals.
2) Which of the following best defines the biopsychosocial model?
- aThis model maintains that health and illness are caused by singular biological factors
- bThis model maintains that psychological and social factors impact an individual’s health
- cThis model maintains that all diseases are due to biochemical imbalances and environmental conditions
- dThis model attributes all health disparities to social factors
3) ______ is considered to be the ability to obtain, process, and understand information about health and health services.
- aHealth knowledge
- bHealth literacy
- cHealth equity
- dHealth equality
4) The regularity of experiencing discriminatory incidents has been linked to hypertension and coronary heart disease.
5) Which of the following best describes the difference between the chronic diseases and the acute diseases?
- aAcute diseases are short-term, non-deadly, infectious diseases, while chronic diseases persist for longer period of time
- bAcute diseases are deadly short-term infectious diseases, while chronic diseases are also short-term, but non-deadly diseases
- cAcute diseases are long-term, non-deadly, infectious diseases, while chronic diseases persist for longer period of time
- dAcute diseases are deadly short-term infectious diseases, while chronic diseases persist for longer period of time
6) The term _______ is used in the DSM-5 to refer to a variety of drugs that can alter our physical and mental functioning.
7) The _______ hypothesis argues that healthier people choose to migrate and thus they are healthier than their relatives born in the United States. The _______ hypothesis states that generations born in the United States have poorer health than immigrants because of their increased experiences with discrimination and racism.
- aepidemiological paradox; social stress
- bhealthy migrant effect; immigrant health paradox
- cselective migration; social stress
- depidemiological paradox, immigrant health paradox
8) The _________ explains that foreign-born immigrants fare better than their more acculturated U.S.-born counterparts on psychosocial and health indicators.
- aacculturation paradox
- bsocial stress paradox
- cepistemological paradox
- dimmigrant health paradox
9) Which of the following terms is a branch of medical research devoted to the study of occurrence of disorders in special groups and the risk factors associated with these disorders?
10) Health equity is defined as ___________________.
- aSocial and economic disadvantages that impact health difference in different groups
- bAttainment of the lowest level of health for people of minority groups
- cAttainment of highest level of health for all
- dValuing everyone equally with social efforts to avoid inequalities
11) ______ refers to the personal, subjective meaning or relationship that one has with a higher power that may or may not be related to a religion.
- dMind-body dualism
12) Tuberculosis and pneumonia are both _______ diseases
13) As described in Box 9.4, Chester, Pennsylvania, houses one of the largest collection of waste facilities in the country. Many of the residents have experienced severe health issues that could be correlated with the toxic waste in their town. Over 80% of residents are people of color. This community is experiencing_____ _____.
- aenvironmental discrepancy
- benvironmental injustice
- cenvironmental disparity
- denvironmental justice
14) Developing accurate health interventions for ethnic communities requires _______.
- acomprehensive knowledge of their cultural health beliefs and practices
- bcultural competence
- cadvocating for access to healthy and fresh food options
- dAll of the above
15) Complementary health approaches describe forms of health interventions that are considered unconventional to Western medicine.