Kinship plays a fundamental role in weaving the tapestry of culture in all societies. Even with increasing industrialization and globalization in so many parts of the world today, culture-specific ideas about kinship continue to be important in people's lives. This chapter explains the anthropological concepts involved in a study of kinship systems, social structure, and household forms. 

·      Learning Objective 1: Understand the principles of marriage prohibitions, incest taboos, and marriage payments.

·      Learning Objective 2: Understand multiple types of postmarital residence patterns and their subsequent effect on the structure of family and household over the life cycle of the family.

·      Learning Objective 3: Understand different types of descent groups and how they form the identity of individuals.

·      Learning Objective 4: Understand the principles of analyzing different kinship terminology systems and how kinship terminology relates to ideas about marriage, family, household, and appropriate social relations with different sets of kin.

·      Learning Objective 5: Understand new forms of family emerging in contemporary societies globally as the result of adoption, same sex unions, remarriage, new reproductive technologies (NRTs), and transnational families.