1) At the head of each bureaucratic agency is typically a(n) _____.
- anon-partisan civil servant
- bpermanent secretary
- celected politician
- dappointed cabinet minister
- eneutral nominee
2) Political scientists refer to _____ as the ability of a country to foster a well-organized and competent bureaucracy, based upon Weberian ideals.
- brule of law
- cgood governance
- dstate capacity
- efree administration
3) This German thinker studied the Prussian military, providing him with inspiration for his seminal work on how modern bureaucracy should be designed.
- aKarl Marx
- bGeorg Friedrich Hegel
- cMax Weber
- dSigmund Freud
- eOtto von Bismarck
4) In a Graham Allison’s theory of “bureaucratic politics” decision making, a key problem is
- aagents shirking the directives of their principals.
- bstandard operating procedures constraining dynamic decisions.
- cturf wars between related, but differing agencies.
- drecruitment of talented civil servants.
- edirection of bureaucratic decisions by polite elites.
5) In traditional European bureaucratic agencies, new civil servant talent is recruited primarily via _____.
- apersonal connections with politicians
- bhighly specific credentials for a particular agency
- cpopular elections
- dretired national politicians
- estandardized, general exams
6) This French university has historically educated the bulk of top governmental administrators.
- aÉcole normale supérieure (Normale-Sup’)
- cÉcole des mines de Paris (MINES)
- dInstitut d’études politiques (IEP)
- eÉcole nationale d’administration (ENA)
7) Which of the following would a bureaucratic agency likely NOT be responsible for in a democracy?
- aRegulating the financial sector
- bSubsidizing the cost of public education
- cProviding loans to local government to invest in infrastructure
- dCreating new, important, and politically sensitive programs
- eLicensing businesses and collecting corporate taxes
8) In _____ law, special courts are created to adjudicate the legality of public officials and civil servants.
9) In this judicial style, decisions are taken in accordance with legislated laws, as opposed to adjudicated precedence.
- aCommon law
- bNatural law
- cCode law
- dPositive law
- eCase law
10) Under _____, high-level courts interpret compatibility between existing laws, previous judgments, and the national constitution, in order to ensure legal consistency.
- ajudicial activism
- bjudicial review
- cjudicial appeal
- djudicial application
- ejudicial debate