1) The presence of positive political participation may derail or even transform a country’s leadership toward democratic governing, particularly in this type of non-democracy.
2) One way that governments can deal with competing cleavages that exist on a territorial basis is to grant limited degrees of autonomy to subnational units. This is referred to as _____.
- bconstitutional consensus
3) Which of the following is NOT a component of political legitimacy?
- aRule of law
- bRepresentation of citizen values
- cEffectiveness of political rule
- dPresence of presidential governing
- eCharismatic leadership
4) Political cleavages can become detrimental to the formation of a common national identity when multiple contending differences in the population overlap with a(n) _____ cleavage.
5) Which of the following is NOT an essential component of the state?
- aGoverning institutions, such as a legislature or an executive branch
- bSovereign rule exists over the full country
- cA set geographic territory that is identifiable
- dCitizens that represent a singular ethnic and cultural heritage
- eUncontested leadership persists across the full territory
6) The policy of “l’abertura,” taken by President Figuereido in the 1970s and responsible for the full democratization of the country, translates to this English concept.
- bPopular Rule
7) This technological capability became increasingly important to maintaining the permeation of the state during the nineteenth century.
- aHigh-speed internet service
- bDeveloped railway infrastructure
- cCellular communication capabilities
- dThe invention of electricity
- eCommercial and chartered airlines
8) Which of the following is NOT a key component of national identity?
- aShared cultural history
- bCommon language
- cGeographically concentrated population
- dCitizenship in a common political community
- eIdentification with a shared religious tradition
9) The lack of political legitimacy contributed to the American Revolution because . . .
- acolonists decided to follow the French model of democracy.
- bBritish rulers were rude to local colonial Americans.
- cthe Crown imposed new laws on colonists that did not represent their will.
- dthe Boston Tea Party was an unsuccessful party.
- ethe Stamp Tax was more expensive than originally expected.
10) Which of the following components of nation-state development refers to a widespread sense that the system of government is right and just?
- aState authority
- bNational identity