1) Which of the following solutions was advocated by James Madison as a way of preventing “tyranny of the majority” among rival factions?
- aIncrease popular representation
- bCreate a bicameral Congress
- cUnify all thirteen American colonies under a strongly central state
- dAllow for sub-national divisions to balance power
- eEmpower a strong and unelected leader
2) By 1940, the Swedish government had already put into place which of the following public benefits?
- aNational pensions
- bCommunities for the homeless
- cComprehensive healthcare
- dSenior citizen insurance
- eAll of the above
3) Political philosophers with similar views on how government should function can be said to belong to similar _____ of political thought.
4) Which of the following best describes Rousseau’s plan for legislating?
- aCitizens write and pass all laws by popular acclimation.
- bA strict monarch makes all decisions for the people.
- cPoliticians make proposals to be voted on for with the people’s general will.
- dRepresentatives make policy, disconnected from public opinion.
- eNo national, only locally focused, laws were permitted.
5) In this classic type of political system, government is ruled by a single leader.
6) Which of the following contemporary professions would most closely fit the type of person that Plato believed should rule his ideal “republic”?
7) This English philosopher valued a conservative “natural aristocracy” of leaders who, due to their role as property owners in the society, were in a unique place to defend social values.
- aJohn Locke
- bKarl Marx
- cKarl Popper
- dThomas Hobbes
- eEdmund Burke
8) This important critic and student of Georg Hegel went on to create an ideology responsible for the underpinning premises of communism.
- aKarl Marx
- bVladimir Lenin
- cJozef Stalin
- dJosip Broz Tito
- eAdolph Hitler
9) Which of the following is NOT true of both Plato and Aristotle’s view on governing?
- aLeaders were seen as trustees of the population, not representatives.
- bTraditional aristocratic leadership was understandable and beneficial.
- cThe government should intervene in the education of the public.
- dProperty ownership should not be used purely for financial gain.
- eRegular, free, and fair elections should be held for all political positions.
10) When a single person rules in a way that is arbitrary, impulsive, lawless, and self-interested, that society is said to exist in a state of _____.