1) This English philosopher valued a conservative “natural aristocracy” of leaders who, due to their role as property owners in the society, were in a unique place to defend social values.
- aJohn Locke
- bKarl Marx
- cKarl Popper
- dThomas Hobbes
- eEdmund Burke
2) By 1940, the Swedish government had already put into place which of the following public benefits?
- aNational pensions
- bCommunities for the homeless
- cComprehensive healthcare
- dSenior citizen insurance
- eAll of the above
3) This important critic and student of Georg Hegel went on to create an ideology responsible for the underpinning premises of communism.
- aKarl Marx
- bVladimir Lenin
- cJozef Stalin
- dJosip Broz Tito
- eAdolph Hitler
4) When a single person rules in a way that is arbitrary, impulsive, lawless, and self-interested, that society is said to exist in a state of _____.
5) Political philosophers with similar views on how government should function can be said to belong to similar _____ of political thought.
6) Which of the following contemporary professions would most closely fit the type of person that Plato believed should rule his ideal “republic”?
7) Which of the following best describes Rousseau’s plan for legislating?
- aCitizens write and pass all laws by popular acclimation.
- bA strict monarch makes all decisions for the people.
- cPoliticians make proposals to be voted on for with the people’s general will.
- dRepresentatives make policy, disconnected from public opinion.
- eNo national, only locally focused, laws were permitted.
8) Which of the following is NOT true of both Plato and Aristotle’s view on governing?
- aLeaders were seen as trustees of the population, not representatives.
- bTraditional aristocratic leadership was understandable and beneficial.
- cThe government should intervene in the education of the public.
- dProperty ownership should not be used purely for financial gain.
- eRegular, free, and fair elections should be held for all political positions.
9) In this classic type of political system, government is ruled by a single leader.
10) Which of the following solutions was advocated by James Madison as a way of preventing “tyranny of the majority” among rival factions?
- aIncrease popular representation
- bCreate a bicameral Congress
- cUnify all thirteen American colonies under a strongly central state
- dAllow for sub-national divisions to balance power
- eEmpower a strong and unelected leader