1) Prior to ____________, access to education was viewed as a privilege, not a right, and was reserved for the upper class and nobility in Great Britain.
- aWorld War II
- bthe Industrial Revolution
- cthe Great Depression
- dWorld War I
2) The fact that men earn more than women at each level of education would be of interest to a sociologist using which perspective?
- athe conflict perspective
- bthe feminist perspective
- cthe functionalist perspective
- dthe symbolic interactionist perspective
3) Mrs. Collins teaches calculus. She expects a lot from Cathy because she knows Cathy’s father is a college professor. She is never surprised when Cathy earns high marks on her exams. Mrs. Collins has lower expectations for Betty because Betty’s father is a postal carrier. She is never surprised when Betty earns low marks on her exams. This is an example of _________________.
- bhidden curriculum
- cthe Pygmalion effect
4) A sociologist observes a classroom and notes that the teacher responds to students in the general education curriculum differently than those in the college preparation curriculum. The sociologist then uses ______________ to analyze her or his data.
- athe functionalist perspective
- bthe conflict perspective
- cthe symbolic interactionist perspective
- dthe feminist perspective
5) ______________ three- to five-year-olds are enrolled in full-day prekindergarten and other preschool programs.
- aVery few
- bAbout half of
- dAbout one-fourth of
6) A ___________ is a school that is created by a contract between those starting the school (individuals or parent groups) and the governing authority granting the agreement (state or local school board).
- aparochial school
- bcharter school
- cpublic school
- dprivate school
7) How might schools be more humanized, according to educational reformers?
- aby decreasing class size and increasing technology in schools
- bby returning to a basic curriculum and offering more specialist training for teachers
- cby making the learning process more passive and developing uniform expectations
- dby making class schedules more flexible and training teachers more broadly
8) Expecting students to listen to authority is an example of _____________.
- atracking, which is the emphasis of the education system on reading, writing, and arithmetic
- bthe hidden curriculum, which is the aspect of education designed to teach dominant norms, values, and consensus ideology
- ctracking, or the unequal access of technology experienced by schools based on their funding
- dthe hidden curriculum, or the credentialism of society created by employers looking to take shortcuts in hiring
9) __________________ is the federally sponsored program enacted in 2002 that mandated that all states implement standardized tests to assess student performance.
- aThe National Education Achievement Act
- bThe War on Poverty
- cNo Child Left Behind
- dThe New Frontier
10) The social institution of education is charged with ________________.
- ateaching cognitive skills and knowledge
- bpassing on cultural tradition
- cpromoting the propagation of faith
- dincreasing patriotism and national pride
11) According to Postman and Weingartner, the “basic function of all education” is ____________.
- ato pass cultural tradition from one generation to the next
- bthe propagation of faith
- cthe development of patriotism and national pride
- dto increase the survival prospects of the group
12) A school assigned students to different classrooms based on a standardized math and reading test. This school is practicing _______________.
13) ___________ is used as the basis for stratification of the quality of education in the United Kingdom.
- aSocial class
- cThe geographic location of schools
- dThe sex of the student
14) Today, schools provide lunches, breakfast, and even food for students to take home on the weekends. Providing meals to students is a ________________.
- amanifest function of education
- bdysfunction of education
- clatent function of education
- dsocial function of education
15) In Japanese schools, _________ refers to the rigid regimentation that includes focus on discipline, conformity, and respect for authority.
- athe divine wind
- bkanri kyoiku
- djuku moto
16) According to the U.S. Census Bureau, approximately ______________ of Americans over age 25 have a high school diploma.
- a78 percent
- b49 percent
- c88 percent
- d94 percent
17) Harry Gracey referred to kindergarten as _____________.
- athe academic playground
- bthe academic boot camp
- cthe kiddie boot camp
- dkindergarten calisthenics
18) In which society is the role of schools providing anticipatory socialization most important?
- athe agrarian society
- bthe industrial society
- cthe nomadic society
- dthe bioeconomic society
19) Which of the following is TRUE regarding the U.S. education system?
- aIts explicit charge is intended to build patriotism and national awareness.
- bIt is required to provide resources to families with dependent children.
- cIt is expected to provide students with the most up-to-date technology.
- dThere is no national education system in the United States.
20) Katrina is working on her doctorate in sociology. She is most interested in understanding how cultural transmission occurs in schools. Katrina is most likely using which perspective?
- athe conflict perspective
- bsymbolic interactionism
- cthe feminist perspective
- dthe functionalist perspective