1) Katrina is working on her doctorate in sociology. She is most interested in understanding how cultural transmission occurs in schools. Katrina is most likely using which perspective?
- athe conflict perspective
- bsymbolic interactionism
- cthe feminist perspective
- dthe functionalist perspective
2) How might schools be more humanized, according to educational reformers?
- aby decreasing class size and increasing technology in schools
- bby returning to a basic curriculum and offering more specialist training for teachers
- cby making the learning process more passive and developing uniform expectations
- dby making class schedules more flexible and training teachers more broadly
3) Expecting students to listen to authority is an example of _____________.
- atracking, which is the emphasis of the education system on reading, writing, and arithmetic
- bthe hidden curriculum, which is the aspect of education designed to teach dominant norms, values, and consensus ideology
- ctracking, or the unequal access of technology experienced by schools based on their funding
- dthe hidden curriculum, or the credentialism of society created by employers looking to take shortcuts in hiring
4) In Japanese schools, _________ refers to the rigid regimentation that includes focus on discipline, conformity, and respect for authority.
- athe divine wind
- bkanri kyoiku
- djuku moto
5) The social institution of education is charged with ________________.
- ateaching cognitive skills and knowledge
- bpassing on cultural tradition
- cpromoting the propagation of faith
- dincreasing patriotism and national pride
6) __________________ is the federally sponsored program enacted in 2002 that mandated that all states implement standardized tests to assess student performance.
- aThe National Education Achievement Act
- bThe War on Poverty
- cNo Child Left Behind
- dThe New Frontier
7) Harry Gracey referred to kindergarten as _____________.
- athe academic playground
- bthe academic boot camp
- cthe kiddie boot camp
- dkindergarten calisthenics
8) ______________ three- to five-year-olds are enrolled in full-day prekindergarten and other preschool programs.
- aVery few
- bAbout half of
- dAbout one-fourth of
9) A sociologist observes a classroom and notes that the teacher responds to students in the general education curriculum differently than those in the college preparation curriculum. The sociologist then uses ______________ to analyze her or his data.
- athe functionalist perspective
- bthe conflict perspective
- cthe symbolic interactionist perspective
- dthe feminist perspective
10) According to Postman and Weingartner, the “basic function of all education” is ____________.
- ato pass cultural tradition from one generation to the next
- bthe propagation of faith
- cthe development of patriotism and national pride
- dto increase the survival prospects of the group
11) A school assigned students to different classrooms based on a standardized math and reading test. This school is practicing _______________.
12) In which society is the role of schools providing anticipatory socialization most important?
- athe agrarian society
- bthe industrial society
- cthe nomadic society
- dthe bioeconomic society
13) Which of the following is TRUE regarding the U.S. education system?
- aIts explicit charge is intended to build patriotism and national awareness.
- bIt is required to provide resources to families with dependent children.
- cIt is expected to provide students with the most up-to-date technology.
- dThere is no national education system in the United States.
14) Prior to ____________, access to education was viewed as a privilege, not a right, and was reserved for the upper class and nobility in Great Britain.
- aWorld War II
- bthe Industrial Revolution
- cthe Great Depression
- dWorld War I
15) ___________ is used as the basis for stratification of the quality of education in the United Kingdom.
- aSocial class
- cThe geographic location of schools
- dThe sex of the student
16) A ___________ is a school that is created by a contract between those starting the school (individuals or parent groups) and the governing authority granting the agreement (state or local school board).
- aparochial school
- bcharter school
- cpublic school
- dprivate school
17) According to the U.S. Census Bureau, approximately ______________ of Americans over age 25 have a high school diploma.
- a78 percent
- b49 percent
- c88 percent
- d94 percent
18) The fact that men earn more than women at each level of education would be of interest to a sociologist using which perspective?
- athe conflict perspective
- bthe feminist perspective
- cthe functionalist perspective
- dthe symbolic interactionist perspective
19) Mrs. Collins teaches calculus. She expects a lot from Cathy because she knows Cathy’s father is a college professor. She is never surprised when Cathy earns high marks on her exams. Mrs. Collins has lower expectations for Betty because Betty’s father is a postal carrier. She is never surprised when Betty earns low marks on her exams. This is an example of _________________.
- bhidden curriculum
- cthe Pygmalion effect
20) Today, schools provide lunches, breakfast, and even food for students to take home on the weekends. Providing meals to students is a ________________.
- amanifest function of education
- bdysfunction of education
- clatent function of education
- dsocial function of education