1) What does life expectancy look like for men and women in the United States?
- aMen outlive women by an average of 15 to 20 years.
- bThere is an insignificant difference.
- cWomen outlive men by an average of 3 to 5 years.
- dWomen outlive men by an average of 7 to 10 years.
2) Jamar practices ________________. This means that his practice emphasizes the prevention of disease and focuses treatment on patients as whole persons in an effort to maintain good physical, emotional, and spiritual health.
- aspiritual medicine
- bholistic medicine
- creactive medicine
- denlightened medicine
3) Sandra is HIV-positive. When her colleagues found out, they stopped inviting her out to their weekly lunch group. Sandra’s HIV status has caused her colleagues to _____________ her.
4) A person who studies how race and gender are correlated with diseases such as heart disease is called a(n) _______________.
5) The number of deaths in the first year of life for each 1,000 live births per year is called the _____________.
- ainfant death rate
- binfant mortality rate
- cinfant survival rate
- dinfant morbidity rate
6) Which variables are the strongest predictors of life expectancy in the United States?
- ablack, white, Hispanic, or Asian American
- burban, suburban, or rural
- cmale or female
- dupper class, middle class, lower class
7) According to the World Health Organization, ____________ has the most comprehensive program of socialized medicine anywhere in the world.
- cGreat Britain
- dthe United States
8) _____________ is the medical specialty that popularized the medical model of deviance.
- aInternal medicine
- dFamily practice
9) Carlos has a high fever, a terrible cough, and an earache. In accordance with the sick role, Carlos would _______________________.
- aseek competent medical help and comply with his doctor’s orders
- bGoogle his symptoms and comply with the Internet’s recommendations
- cstay away from work, but feel free to go see a movie at a theatre
- ddo as little as possible
10) Approximately how many births take place at home in the United States?
- aabout 10 percent
- bnearly a quarter
- c1 in 3 births
- dabout 1 percent
11) Angie’s workplace instituted a new program in which she is able to consult a dietician, get a fitness tracker, and join a gym at a reduced cost. The workplace can be considered as participating in __________________.
- athe millenarian movement
- bthe wellness movement
- cthe holistic health movement
- dthe Green movement
12) The most important contribution to the development of modern medicine is ______________.
- athe creation of the American Medical Association
- bthe development of germ theory by Louis Pasteur
- cthe advent of specialization by medical doctors
- dthe emergence of socialized medicine
13) What is the term used to described the average number of years a person is expected to live?
- alife span
- bmortality rate
- clife expectancy
- dmorbidity rate
14) George and Martha were in a car accident that resulted in medical bills of nearly $175,000. Their insurance denied coverage of some of their treatment. George and Martha are no longer hospitalized but are limited in their ability to document their coverage. Which sociological perspective would be most useful to understanding George and Martha’s experience?
15) According to the textbook, which nation is the best example of blending elements of private capitalism with socialized medicine?
- aGreat Britain
16) Katrina is addicted to heroin. Medical professionals are working to help get her off of the drug. Her addiction is being treated as a medical matter. When Katrina’s great-grandfather was her age, he had a drinking problem. He went to his church and the congregation prayed for him. The change from treating addiction as a moral matter to one of a medical matter is an example of ______________.
- amedicalization of deviant behavior
- bsocialized medicine counting more things as disease
- cepistemological naivety
- dthe deification of medicine increasing
17) Which sociological perspective links illness, disease, and shorter life expectancy to poverty, racism, and sexism?
- athe feminist perspective
- bthe interactionist perspective
- cthe conflict perspective
- dthe functionalist perspective
18) Stephanie is a college professor. She is undergoing allergy treatment. Although she visits the doctor twice a week for treatment, she is still able to work every day and mingle socially with friends. Her personality appears unaffected. In view of this, how would a sociologist define Stephanie's health?
- aStephanie is physically ill but quite healthy in a mental and sociocultural sense.
- bBecause her affliction has not slowed her down, Stephanie is in perfect health.
- cBecause her illness requires treatment, Stephanie is considered physically, mentally, and socially diseased.
- dStephanie is physically and mentally ill but socioculturally healthy.
19) Gabby is 13 years old. She sees a pediatrician for her overall health and a dermatologist to treat her acne. This is an example of how medicine has become ___________________.
- aless specialized
- bmore specialized
20) Women’s illnesses are more likely to be associated with chronic debilitation compared to men’s. What word is used to describe this association?