1) According to Paul Ehrlich, the availability of _________________ is an important variable to be added to Malthus’ predictions of the problems of population growth.
- afood and clean water
- bclean air and clean water
- chousing and clean air
- dwork and food
2) In Malthusian theory, wars, plagues, and famines serve as ___________.
- achecks and balances
- bnegative checks
- cpositive checks
- dpreventative checks
3) The movement of masses of people from rural to urban areas and an increase in urban influence over all spheres of culture and society is called ____________.
4) Which of these represents the largest megalopolis in the United States?
- aNortheast coast
- bGulf coast
- cWest coast
- dGreat Lakes
5) In 1790, approximately _____ percent of the United States population lived in cities.
6) What term describes desirable events or situations in a country, such as religious freedom, that attract people to immigrate there?
- apush factors
- bdiscriminating stimuli
- cpull factors
- dpopulation instability
7) Which of the following roles are U.S. cities likely to play in the future?
- aThird World entrepôts where large immigrant populations provide a significant low-wage labor force for assembly-type jobs
- bretirement centers
- cmodule-production places where unique natural, physical, or human resources allow the city to assemble, produce, or distribute specific goods
- dall of the answers
8) Which type of society, according to Redfield, is based on change, diversity, and secondary relationships?
9) Bill Clinton was born in 1946. Geena Davis was born in 1956. Billy Ray Cyrus was born in 1961. What age cohort do these three celebrities belong to?
- aGeneration X
- bbaby boomers
- cGeneration Y
- dboomerang generation
10) In _____________, the first systematic census was taken of the United States population.
11) What is the term for a community of organisms sharing the same physical environment?
- bfolk society
12) A society characterized by tradition, unity, consensus of norms and values, and strong informal pressure to conform is referred to as _____________ by Durkheim.
- amechanical solidarity
- borganic solidarity
- cfolk society
- durban society
13) According to Malthusian theory, food supply ___________, while the population _________.
- amultiplies; is added to
- bdecrease; multiplies
- cincreases; decreases
- dis added to; multiplies
14) _______________ is the theory of population growth that is based on birthrates in comparison to death rates.
- aThe Malthusian theory
- bThe population bomb
- cThe Armageddon hypothesis
- dThe theory of demographic transition
15) In demographic transition theory, what stage is characterized by high birth rates and low death rates?
- astage 1
- bstage 2
- cstage 3
- dstage 4
16) Imani is working on her dissertation. She is studying how the location of public transportation in her community impacts how citizens move about the community and how it impacts their daily lives. Imani is most likely engaging with which theoretical perspective?
- csymbolic interactionist
17) The concentric zone model can be described how?
- aA theoretical model for analyzing the interdependence between human beings and the physical environment.
- bCities evolve from several nuclei that shape the character and structure of the areas surrounding them.
- cCities grow outward in several wedge-shaped sectors, each reflecting different land uses and the congregation of fairly homogeneous populations based on race, ethnicity, and social class.
- dA series of radiating circles that spread from the central business district to the commuter zone.
18) ____________ asserted that urbanism is a way of life in which the city affects how people feel, think, and interact.
- aFerdinand Toennies
- bRobert Ezra Park
- cLouis Wirth
- dArthur Shostak
19) The study of size, composition, distribution, and changes in human population is referred to as __________.
- cpolitical science
20) Which of the following terms BEST describes people from Nigeria, Brazil, and Thailand moving to the United States, from the United States’ perspective?
- bpolitical refugees
- cdisplaced persons