1) Public distance is the personal space and comfort zone that is most preferred by __________.
- aeveryday Americans
- dthe Secret Service and bodyguards
2) Which sociological approach contends that society is structured to exploit and dominate subordinates and to maintain and perpetuate wealth, power, and privilege?
- athe symbolic interactionist approach
- bthe conflict perspective
- cthe structural functionalist approach
- dthe feminist perspective
3) Being a 16-year-old white woman is an example of a person’s ________.
- aachieved statuses
- brole set
- crole strain
- dascribed statuses
4) Teachers are expected to be fair, courteous, and knowledgeable regarding education and children. This set of expectations, rights, and duties attached to the status of teacher is called ________.
- btheir profile
- ca stereotype
- da network
5) Which term refers to the total web of an individual’s relationships and group memberships?
- asocial network
- brole set
- csocial structure
6) Janice is a star employee, but her son’s school called: he is sick and she needs to go pick him up. Janice’s boss tells her that she needs to stay at work in order to be considered for a big promotion. The problem that Janice is experiencing is an example of ____________.
- arole inconsistency
- brole merger
- crole conflict
- drole embracement
7) A coach requires her athletes to arrive to practice on time, provides them with a practice and game schedule, and explains the system through which decisions will be made regarding playing time. These are examples of the patterned expectations that guide social interaction, called ________.
- asocial stratification
- bsocial profiling
- csocial stereotypes
- dsocial structure
8) A pattern of social interaction in which individuals, groups, and societies work together to achieve shared goals is referred to as ________.
9) An analysis of the ways people present themselves to others and their attempts to manage those impressions as favorable is referred to as ___________________.
- asymbolic interactionism
- bdramaturgical analysis
- csystematic observation
- ddefinition of the situation
10) Hannah feels uneasy when her roommate walks within 18 inches of her desk in their dorm room. What explanation would Edward Hall offer for Hannah's negative reaction to her roommate's behavior?
- aShe feels like her roommate is stalking her.
- bHer roommate has violated her personal space.
- cHer roommate has a problem with boundaries.
- dHer roommate does not understand social boundaries.
11) According to ___________, social life is in a constant state of flux because people are constantly defining and redefining relationships.
- athe feminist approach
- bthe functionalist approach
- cthe conflict approach
- dthe symbolic interactionist approach
12) Mrs. Clark is an elementary school principal. Although her students have observed her at school functions with her husband and children, they never think of Mrs. Clark as being a wife or mother. They are shocked to see her shopping for groceries, for instance. For the students, Mrs. Clark is a principal above all else. How would sociologists explain this narrow interpretation of Mrs. Clark?
- aMrs. Clark is a victim of role strain.
- bFor Mrs. Clark, principal is her master status.
- cMrs. Clark exhibits status inconsistency when appearing at school as a wife or mother.
- dMrs. Clark is guilty of role embracement.
13) Which perspective views structure as the basic necessity required for society to exist?
- asymbolic interactionist
14) According to sociologists, groups that address fundamental social needs, such as family, education, religion, peers, and the media, are called ______________.
- atotal institutions
- bagents of socialization
- dsocial institutions
15) Giving a thumbs-up sign, waving, and displaying one’s middle finger are all examples of what?
- anonverbal communication
- bdramaturgical communication
- cnonverbal cues
- ddramaturgical cues
16) The beliefs that sorority members are sexually promiscuous and band members are socially awkward are examples of static and oversimplified ideas about a group or a social category called ________.
- amaster status
- bsocial manifestations
- cstatus sets
17) Howard has worked diligently to become the new personnel manager at Big Box Retailer. He also holds the titles of husband, father, and choir director at his church. Such titles and positions are called ________.
- aascribed statuses
- bsocial roles
- cachieved statuses
- dsocial class
18) Socially defined expectations attached to titles like mother, daughter, professor, or student are called ________.
19) Discovering that your college sociology teacher is actually a 12-year-old would mean that your teacher has _______________.
- aa status set
- bstatus inconsistency
- cstatus incongruency
- dstatus attainment blues
20) Jerimiah says hello to his therapist at the grocery store. His therapist says a polite hello, but then acts as if she does not know Jerimiah. The therapist is practicing ________.
- arole conflict
- brole strain
- crole set
- drole distance