1) How has secularization changed our understanding of religion?
- aIt has fostered increased membership in organized religion.
- bIt has fostered increased individualized spirituality.
- cIt has contributed to voter turnout based on religious identity.
- dIt has contributed to party identification based on individual spirituality.
2) In Karl Marx's view, a society built on exploitation could not long endure because
- athe sources of wealth had been monopolized by the few at the expense of the many.
- bthe human conquest of nature resulted in economic benefit to the many.
- creligion appealed most strongly to oppressed peoples because of its benefits.
- dthe oppressed majority would recognize their condition was caused by the powerful few.
3) Which phrase best represents the concept of secularization?
- achanges in religion as society develops
- bchanges in technology as religion develops
- cchanges in society as technology develops
- dchanges in government as religion develops
4) What is the “religion of the modern age”?
- aexcluding religious perspectives as inconsistent with science
- bincorporating religious perspectives into educational institutions
- cincorporating technological viewpoints into religious perspectives
- dexcluding legal viewpoints as inconsistent with religious perspectives
5) For more than 30 years, scholars have documented a shift in the kinds of religious traditions that Americans prefer, a major change involving:
- ashifts between different wings of Protestantism
- ba rise in traditional Catholicism
- ca 35% increase among weekly churchgoing Americans
- da decrease in education among the highly religious
6) Which of the following statements is supported by Figure 1.2?
- aA higher percentage of churchgoers attend church once per week compared with the percentage of churchgoers who seldom attend church.
- bA higher percentage of churchgoers seldom attend church compared with the percentage of persons who never attend church.
- cA smaller percentage of churchgoers attend church more than once a week compared with the percentage of churchgoers who attend church a few times a year.
- dA smaller percentage of churchgoers attend church once or twice per month compared with the percentage of churchgoers who seldom attend church.
7) "Sheilahism" has been defined as:
- acontemporary sermons talking of God's forgiving nature and less about God's punishing nature
- bthe idea that American religion has become more "secular" than sacred
- can approach reducing religious doctrine to "a small voice within" individuals’ imaginations
- d"old time" religion among people with the least exposure to modernization
8) Which term is used by scholars to describe religious differences between the West and the Middle East?
- aClash of the Ideologies
- bCrisis of Conscience
- cConflict of Civilizations
- dCrisis of Partisanship
9) What is one consequence of the separation of religion and state?
- ahighly regulated religion
- bfew religious denominations
- cenhanced religious diversity
- dlimited religious rituals
10) Using Figure 1.1, how would one describe the United States in terms of the relationship between religion and the economy?
- ahigh religious importance, high economic development
- bhigh religious importance, low economic development
- clow religious importance, high economic development
- dlow religious importance, low economic development