1) The doctrine of ________ urges government to protect the Judeo-Christian heritage found in the United States.
2) The First Amendment has been the focal point of questions surrounding whether:
- areligion may be used to justify violating secular law
- breligious tests should be required to serve in public office
- cgovernment should be subordinate to religion
- dgovernment should be equal to religion
3) The ideal that organized religion deserved no government support because it was thought to pervert the true meaning of religion was held most notably by which Founders?
- aBenjamin Franklin and John Jay
- bThomas Jefferson and John Adams
- cAlexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr
- dGeorge Washington and James Madison
4) Which group saw government as a legitimate instrument for spreading a religious message?
- aProtestants influenced by the Great Awakening
- bProtestants influenced by the Reformation
- cCatholics concerned about their minority status
- dCatholics committed to the establishment of values
5) Which Founder was particularly concerned that the large number of religions in the colonies would offend members of different faiths?
- aThomas Jefferson
- bJames Madison
- cGeorge Washington
- dJohn Adams
6) Which condition demonstrates the “partial” separation of church and state exercised in the United States?
- aGovernment may not grant preference to any religion.
- bGovernment must impose an official faith on the citizens.
- cGovernment may pay to build churches of specific faiths.
- dGovernment must deny to some religions all ritual practices.
7) How have references to God in various national symbols and statements such as the “Pledge of Allegiance” and the national anthem been handled by government bodies?
- aThey have been upheld in the courts.
- bThey have been subject to legislative veto.
- cThey have been introduced by governors but not presidents.
- dThey have been avoided by rules committees.
8) Reynolds v. United States dealt with which act that may have been allowed or disallowed by a religion, but not with the government?
- apolygamy/plural marriage
- bmilitary service/the draft
- cpeyote rituals/hallucinogens
9) A key problem with the relationship between church and state is the question of the legal status granted to churches, also known as:
- athe “Relationship Problem”
- bthe “Boundary Problem”
- cthe “Secular Dilemma”
- dthe “Free Exercise Controversy”
10) A key problem with the relationship between church and state stems from possible conflicts between religious motivation and behavior in the secular realm, also known as:
- athe “Boundary Problem”
- bthe “Secular Dilemma”
- cthe “Free Exercise Controversy”
- dthe “Relationship Problem”