
1) Once the idea of having rates vary over a projection period is considered, the possibilities are virtually unlimited, as we attempt to develop projection models that more faithfully capture the way in which real populations change.
 True
 False

2) One of the differences between population estimation and projection is that
 aestimation is used to obtain longterm predictions of population
 bprojection is used to obtain longterm predictions of population
 cestimation is used to predict the changes in fertility and mortality
 dprojection is used to predict the changes in fertility and mortality

3) In making population projections, demographers usually produce
 aone accurate result
 ba set of two results, high and low
 ca set of three results, high, medium, and low
 da set of four results, very high, high, medium, and low

4) Some of the most advanced approaches to forecasting have been developed in the business fields of marketing and finance.
 True
 False

5) The simple growth model approach can be used to produce a set of projections based on one date, one growth rate, and three or four different equations.
 True
 False

6) The Pareto’s curve is a mathematical model that refers to
 aan agesex distribution
 ba measurement tool to predict urban growth
 ca principle of economic saturation
 dan enumeration used to indicate an intercensus year population size

7) The linear model assumes that
 athe population growth rate is constant between intervals
 bpopulation growth follows “S” curve
 cpopulation growth is followed by sharp population decline
 dpopulation growth is curvilinear during the given interval(s)

8) Matrixbased methods can be used for any kind of projection, but they are computationally most efficient when projecting large populations over long periods with the use of computer programs.
 True
 False

9) The simple growth model can readily be applied to projection without the need for a series of high, medium, and low estimates.
 True
 False

10) When faced with the problem of anticipating the size and/or structure of a population at a date for which information is unavailable, population scientists begin with the premise that change can only occur through the effects of fertility, mortality, and migration.
 True
 False

11) The simple growth model approach is preferred to the components method of projection because of its ability to determine not only likely future population size but also age and sex distributions.
 True
 False

12) Which of the following measurement models assumes that population growth is rapid during the early years of the interval and slows down until it reaches ZPG or negative increase?
 aaritmetic growth model
 blogistic model
 cgeometric growth model
 dexponential growth model

13) Which of the following methods does not include populations over age 65?
 acomponents
 bcomponents II
 cadministrative records
 dcohort survival

14) The cohort survival method of estimation is more precise than the simple growth models because in the place of crude rates it employs agespecific measures, in a manner similar to life table analysis.
 True
 False

15) Among the following models, which one would produce the highest estimation?
 alinear growth model
 barithmetic growth model
 cgeometric growth model
 dexponential growth model

16) With the declines in birth rates in Europe, several countries
 aare at or below ZPG
 bhave seen rapid increases in mortality rates
 cbirth rates began to increase by 2010
 done of the above

17) Qualitative forecasting methods are dependent on numeric time series data.
 True
 False

18) The process of making estimations or projections from a census date by using the simple growth models is called
 aextrapolation
 binference
 cforecast
 dinterpolation

19) Which of the following methods is the most efficient tool in making projections?
 acomponents method
 bextrapolation
 cmatrixbased method
 dsimple growth models

20) A closed population assumes
 azero population growth
 bthat interracial marriages are illegal
 cvery little social mobility
 dzero net migration

21) Determining the likelihood that a particular outcome will occur is not within our capabilities, although it is usually safe to assume that current patterns will prevail until tomorrow, next month, or perhaps next year.
 True
 False

22) The lack of certainty about future trends makes it necessary for demographers to take informed guesses about what is to be expected.
 True
 False

23) The assumption of a closed population applies to situations in which inmigration is
 afar greater than outmigration
 bequal to outmigration
 cfar less than outmigration
 dis unrelated to migration

24) The administrative records method is no longer used by the Census Bureau to estimate the sizes of state, county, and subcounty (e.g., urban) populations.
 True
 False

25) The logistic model assumes that
 apopulation grows more rapidly than the food to sustain its members
 babsolute growth remain nonconstant over the period under observation
 cgrowth rates remain nonconstant over the period under observation
 dB and C, above

26) Forecasts and projections, including matrixbased projections, both attempt to assess the size and/or composition of future populations. However, they employ dissimilar methods.
 True
 False

27) Exponential growth assumes a continual increase in the rate of growth between two dates.
 True
 False

28) The socalled saturation effect of population growth can be applied to
 alogistic growth model
 barithmetic growth model
 cgeometric growth model
 dexponential growth model

29) William Ascher (1978) has pointed out that the substantive knowledge required to make valid assumptions in demographic applications is now well developed.
 True
 False

30) The difference between the simple growth models and the components method is that
 acomponents method takes sexage structure into consideration
 bsimple growth models take sexage structure into consideration
 ccomponents method takes migration into consideration
 dsimple growth models take migration into consideration