• 1) Unlike other age-specific rates, infant mortality rates

• areveal little about the wellbeing of members of a population
• bare the lowest age-specific rates
• cuse the number of persons between 0 and 1 year of age (at midyear) in the denominator
• duse the number of births throughout the year in the denominator
• 2) The state of Texas has a larger and a younger population than Georgia.

• True
• False
• 3) A cohort is a subpopulation made up of individuals born at approximately the same time.

• True
• False
• 4) To calculate age-specific death rates, one divides the number of deaths to persons of a specific age by the entire population size.

• True
• False
• 5) Crude death rates are adequate to begin an observation on deaths, but age-specific death rates are more reliable measures of the risk of dying than are crude death rates.

• True
• False
• 6) Age-specific death rates for ages 1 year and above are measured by using which denominator?

• athe entire population size
• bthe number of persons alive at that age at midyear
• cthe number of persons who die throughout the year
• dthe number of births that occur to mothers at that age
• 7) The two main types of population structures are crude and biological.

• True
• False
• 8) Taken together, the total population sizes of China and India equal approximately what percent of the world’s population?

• a10
• b75
• c60
• d40
• 9) Demographers measure gender-specific rates using

• acrude death rates
• bsex ratios
• ccohort analysis
• dnone of the above
• 10) The percentage of a population at a given age is calculated by

• aadding together the ages of all persons and dividing by the given age
• bdividing the cohort size by the population size, and then multiplying by 100
• cfinding the age that divides the entire set of cohorts into two equal parts
• dnone of the above
• 11) Blacks/African Americans make up approximately what percentage of the U.S. population?

• a50
• b13
• c10
• d5
• 12) The current size of the world’s population is between

• a1 and 2 billion
• b7 and 8 billion
• c1 and 2 million
• d7 and 8 million
• 13) The unemployment rate is usually based on the number of people not working rather than the number who are seeking work.

• True
• False
• 14) In the sample of 60 nations used in the chapter to illustrate the relationship between population size and other demographic variables, the average infant mortality rate is just over 100 deaths per 1,000 births.

• True
• False
• 15) The nations with the world’s largest population sizes are China and India.

• True
• False
• 16) The crude death rate measures the

• anumber of deaths in a population divided by the size of the population
• bsize of a population divided by its number of deaths
• cnumber of deaths caused by accidents at oil wells and other crude-drilling operations
• dnumber of deaths to persons aged 65 and above
• 17) The U.S. states with the largest and smallest population sizes, respectively, are California and New Jersey.

• True
• False
• 18) The population sizes of the counties of Massachusetts

• avary between approximately 100,000 and 1.5 million
• bvary between 3 million and 5 million
• cvary between 100,000 and 200,000
• dare all approximately equal
• 19) The crude death rate of the United States is approximately 8.0 per 1,000 persons.

• True
• False
• 20) Today’s rapidly growing populations

• aalso are the largest populations
• btend to be among the poorest and least industrialized
• ctend to be among the wealthiest and most industrialized
• dA and C, above
• 21) A high sex ratio means that men outnumber women.

• True
• False
• 22) Population size can be measured by

• anumber of individuals
• bnumber of households
• cnumber of families
• dall of the above
• 23) The crude birth rate in the United States as of 2010 was approximately

• a25 per thousand
• b14 per thousand
• c8 per thousand
• d4 per thousand
• 24) Following China and India, the world’s third-largest population size is that of

• aIndonesia
• bRussia
• cThe United States
• dGermany
• 25) The median age of the U.S. population

• ais the age at which one-half the population is younger and one-half is older
• bhas decreased in recent years
• chas increased in recent years
• dA and C, above
• 26) Population size is measured only by the number of individual persons.

• True
• False
• 27) A nation’s population size is essentially unrelated to the average life expectancy of its citizens.

• True
• False
• 28) A nation’s population size is closely related to the quality of life of its citizens.

• True
• False
• 29) Approximately 25 percent of the world’s population lives in cities.

• True
• False
• 30) The U.S. Census recognizes which two ethnic groups?

• aHispanic and non-Hispanic
• bNative American and white
• cAsian and Pacific Islanders
• dChristian and non-Christian